The Ediacaran Rio Doce magmatic arc revisited, Araçuaí-Ribeira orogenic system, SE Brazil.

Described half a century ago, the Galil eia tonalite represents a milestone in the discovery of plate margin magmatic arcs in the Araçuaí-Ribeira orogenic system (southeastern Brazil). In the 1990's, analytical studies on the Galil eia tonalite finally revealed the existence of a Late Neoproterozoic calc-alkaline magmatic arc in the Araçuaí orogen. Meanwhile, the name Rio Doce magmatic arc was applied to calc-alkaline plutons found in the Araçuaí-Ribeira boundary. After those pioneer studies, the calc-alkaline plutons showing a pre-collisional volcanic arc signature and age between 630 Ma and 585 Ma have been grouped in the G1 supersuite, corresponding to the Rio Doce arc infrastructure. Here, we revisit the Rio Doce arc with our solid field knowledge of the region and a robust analytical database (277 lithochemical analyses, and 47 UePb, 53 SmeNd, 25 87Sr/86Sr and 7 LueHf datasets). The G1 supersuite consists of regionally deformed, tonalitic to granodioritic batholiths and stocks, generally rich in melanocratic to mesocratic enclaves and minor gabbroic to dioritic plutons. Gabbroic to dioritic enclaves show evidence of magma mixing processes. The lithochemical and isotopic signatures clearly reveal a volcanic arc formed on a continental margin setting. Melts from a Rhyacian basement form the bulk of the magma produced, whilst gabbroic plutons and enclaves record involvement of mantle magmas in the arc development. Tonalitic stocks (UePb age: 618e575 Ma, εNd(t): 5.7 to 7.8, Nd TDM ages: 1.28e1.68 Ga, 87Sr/86Sr(t): 0.7059e0.7118, and εHf(t): 5.2 to 11.7) form the northernmost segment of the Rio Doce arc, which dies out in the ensialic sector of the Araçuaí orogen. At arc eastern and central zones, several batholiths (e.g., Alto Capim, Baixo Guandu, Galil eia, Muniz Freire, S~ao Vítor) record a long-lasting magmatic history (632e580 Ma; εNd(t): 5.6 to 13.3; Nd TDM age: 1.35e1.80 Ga; 87Sr/86Sr(t): 0.7091 e0.7123). At arc western border, the magmatic evolution started with gabbro-dioritic and tonalitic plutons (e.g., Chaves pluton, UePb age: 599 ± 15 Ma, εNd(t): 4.8 to 6.8, Nd TDM ages: 1.48e1.68 Ga, 87Sr/86Sr(t): 0.7062e0.7068, and εHf(t): 4.3 to 9.7; and Brasil^andia pluton, UePb age: 581 ± 11 Ma, εNd(t): 8.2 to 10.2, Nd TDM ages: 1.63e1.68 Ga, 87Sr/86Sr(t): 0.7088e0.7112, εHf(t): 12.3 to 14.9),followed by late granodioritic intrusions (e.g., Guarataia pluton, UePb age: 576 ± 9 Ma, εNd(t): 12.52 to 13.11, Nd TDM age: 1.74e2.06 Ga, 87Sr/86Sr(t): 0.7104e0.7110, εHf(t): 12.9 to 21.6). The Muria e batholith (UePb age: 620e592 Ma, εNd(t): 8.2 to 13.6, Nd TDM age: 1.41e1.88 Ga) and the Conceiç~ao da Boa Vista (586 ± 7 Ma) and Serra do Valentim (605 ± 8 Ma) stocks represent a segment of the Rio Doce arc correlated to the Serra da Bolívia and Marceleza complexes, making the link between the Araçuaí and Ribeira orogenic domains. We suggest three phases of arc development: i) eastward migration of arc front (632e605 Ma), ii) widespread magma production in the whole arc (605e585 Ma), and iii) late plutonism in the western arc region (585e575 Ma). Usual processes of volcanic arc development, like subduction of oceanic lithosphere under a continental margin, followed by asthenosphere ascent related to slab retreating and break-off may explain the Rio Doce arc evolution.
Magmatic arc, Rio Doce arc, Araçuaí orogen, Ribeira belt
TADESCHI, M. et al. The Ediacaran Rio Doce magmatic arc revisited, Araçuaí-Ribeira orogenic system, SE Brazil. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, v. 68, p. 167-186, 2016. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 25 ago. 2017.