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|Title:||Association between perceived neighbourhood characteristics, physical activity and diet quality : results of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil).|
Cardoso, Letícia de Oliveira
Nobre, Aline Araújo
Griep, Rosane Härter
Fonseca, Maria de Jesus Mendes da
Benseñor, Isabela Judith Martins
Molina, Maria del Carmen Bisi
Aquino, Estela M. L.
Roux, Ana Diez
Castiglione, Débora de Pina
Santos, Simone M.
|Citation:||CHOR, D. et al. Association between perceived neighbourhood characteristics, physical activity and diet quality : results of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). BMC Public Health, v. 16, p. 751-761, 2016. Disponível em: <https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-016-3447-5>. Acesso em: 29 ago. 2017.|
|Abstract:||Background: The study explores associations between perceived neighbourhood characteristics, physical activity and diet quality, which in Latin America and Brazil have been scarcely studied and with inconsistent results. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 14,749 individuals who participated in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (Estudo Longitudinal de Saúde do Adulto, ELSA-Brasil) baseline. The study included current and retired civil servants, aged between 35 and 74 years, from universities and research institutes in six Brazilian states. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) long form was used to characterize physical activity during leisure time and commuting; additional questions assessed how often fruit and vegetables were consumed, as a proxy for diet quality. Neighbourhood characteristics were evaluated by the “Walking Environment” and “Availability of Healthy Foods” scales originally used in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Associations were examined using multinomial logistic regression. Results: Perceiving a more walkable neighbourhood was positively associated with engaging in leisure time physical activity and doing so for longer weekly. Compared with those who saw their neighbourhood as less walkable, those who perceived it as more walkable had 1.69 (95 % CI 1.57–1.83) and 1.39 (1.28–1.52) greater odds of engaging in leisure time physical activity for more than 150 min/week or up to 150 min/week (vs. none), respectively. Perceiving a more walkable neighbourhood was also positively associated with transport-related physical activity. The same pattern was observed for diet: compared with participants who perceived healthy foods as less available in their neighbourhood, those who saw them as more available had odds 1.48 greater (1.31–1.66) of eating fruits, and 1.47 greater (1.30–1.66) of eating vegetables, more than once per day. Conclusions: Perceived walkability and neighbourhood availability of healthy food were independently associated with the practice of physical activity and diet quality, respectively, underlining the importance of neighbourhood-level public policies to changing and maintaining health-related habits.|
|metadata.dc.rights.license:||This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. Fonte o próprio artigo.|
|Appears in Collections:||DENCS - Artigos publicados em periódicos|
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