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Title: Self-rated health among urban adolescents : the roles of age, gender, and their associated factors.
Authors: Meireles, Adriana Lúcia
Xavier, César Coelho
Andrade, Amanda Cristina de Souza
Proietti, Fernando Augusto
Caiaffa, Waleska Teixeira
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: MEIRELES, A. L. et al. Self-rated health among urban adolescents: the roles of age, gender, and their associated factors. Plos One, v. 10, p. e0132254, 2015. Disponível em: <> Acesso em: 29 ago. 2017
Abstract: Health status is often analyzed in population surveys. Self-rated health (SRH) is a singleitem summary measure of the perception of one’s health. In Brazil, studies on the SRH of adolescents remain scarce, especially those aiming to understand the domains that compose this construct. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of poor SRH and its associated factors among 11- to 13-year-olds and 14- to 17-year-olds living in a large urban center in Brazil. This cross-sectional study was conducted using a household survey across Belo Horizonte that included 1,042 adolescents. Stratified logistic regression models were used for each age group to assess the associations between worse SRH and the following variables: socio-demographic, social and family support, lifestyles, psychological health, and anthropometry. Approximately 11% (95% CIs = 8.7–13.6) of the studied adolescents rated their health as poor, and SHR decreased with age among males and females. This trend was more pronounced among girls (from 6.9% among 11- to 13-yearold girls to 16.9% among 14- to 17-year-old girls) than boys (from 8.3% among 11- to 13- year-old boys to 11% among 14- to 17-year-old boys). Worse SRH was associated with family support (as assessed by the absence of parent-adolescent conversations; odds ratio [OR] = 3.5 among 11- to 13-year-olds), family structure (OR = 2.8 among 14- to 17-yearolds), and argument reporting (OR = 8.2 among 14- to 17-year-olds). Among older adolescents, the consumption of fruit fewer than five times per week (OR = 2.4), life dissatisfaction (OR = 2.8), underweight status (OR = 6.7), and overweight status (OR = 2.7) were associated with poor SRH. As adolescents age, their universe expands from their relationship with their parents to include more complex issues, such as their lifestyles and life satisfaction. Therefore, these results suggest the importance of evaluating SRH across adolescent age groups and demonstrate the influence of the family environment (in addition to other factors) on negative health assessments, particularly among 14- to 17-year-olds.
ISSN: 1932-6203
metadata.dc.rights.license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Fonte: o próprio artigo.
Appears in Collections:DENCS - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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