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Title: Trap-nesting hymenoptera and their network with parasites in recovered riparian forests Brazil.
Authors: Araujo, Gustavo Júnior
Fagundes, Roberth
Itabaiana, Yasmine Antonini
Keywords: Bees
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: ARAUJO, G. J.; FAGUNDES, R.; ITABAIANA, Y. A. Trap-nesting hymenoptera and their network with parasites in recovered riparian forests Brazil. Neotropical Entomology, p. 1-11, 2017. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 25 ago. 2017.
Abstract: Different aspects of human activities can cause environmental change that endanger species persistence, alter species distributions, and lead to changes in antagonistic and mutualistic interactions, whereas deforestation and flooding of riparian forest results in landscapes consisting of patchily distributed riparian forest fragments in a matrix of pastures, plantations, and urban areas. Therefore, we assessed the richness, abundance, and trophic interactions of trap-nesting Hymenoptera and their parasites at four patches of restored riparian forest and at one reference natural fragment, of different sizes and ages, located at the Volta Grande Reservoir, in Minas Gerais and São Paulo states to answer the following questions: (1) Does the richness and abundance of cavity-nesting bees and wasps differ in riparian forest fragments according to the seasonal periods? (2) Does the composition of cavity-nesting bees and wasps vary among restoration and reference sites and between climate seasons (wet and dry)? (3) How do the degrees of specialization of the parasites vary among the patches of forest? We recorded 12 species of wasps, eight of bees, and nine species of parasites. Areas with longer time since restoration (reference site) showed higher species richness. However, the abundance was higher in most recent areas. The composition of bee and wasp assembly has not significantly changed between the climate seasons, although it is different between sampling areas. The richness and abundance were higher in warmer and rainy periods. The rate of bee and wasp mortality was high. The degree of specialization of parasites varies among sampling units, and the network of host-parasite interaction has a modular configuration with generalists and specialists. We concluded that the restored areas with more complex habitat could provide better conditions for the reestablishment of ecological interactions among these insects, the local flora, and other invertebrates, which together contribute to the success of the restored environments.
ISSN: 1678-8052 
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