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Title: Soil emissions of NO, N2O and CO2 from croplands in the savanna region of central Brazil.
Authors: Cruvinel, Erika Barreto Fernandes
Bustamante, Mercedes Maria da Cunha
Kozovits, Alessandra Rodrigues
Zepp, Richard G.
Issue Date: 2011
Citation: CRUVINEL, E. B. F. et al. Soil emissions of NO, N2O and CO2 from croplands in the savanna region of central Brazil. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, v. 144, n. 1, p. 29–40, nov. 2011. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 19 jun. 2012.
Abstract: In the last 40 years, a large area of savanna vegetation in Central Brazil (Cerrado) has been converted to agriculture, with intensive use of fertilizers, irrigation and management practices. Currently, the Cerrado is the main region for beef and grain production in Brazil. However, the consequences of these agricultural practices on NO, N2O and CO2 emissions from soil to atmosphere are still poorly investigated. The objectives of this study were to quantify soil emissions of NO-N,N2O-N andCO2-C in different no-till cultivation systems in comparison with native savanna vegetation. The agricultural areas included: (a) the maize and Brachiaria ruzizienses intercropping system followed by irrigated bean in rotation; (b) soybean followed by natural fallow; and (c) cotton planting over B. ruzizienses straw. The study was performed from August 2003 to October 2005 and fluxes were measured before and after planting, after fertilizations, during the growing season, before and after harvesting. NO-N fluxes in the soybean field were similar to those measured in the native vegetation. In the cornfield, higher NO-N fluxes were measured before planting than after planting and pulses were observed after broadcast fertilizations. During Brachiaria cultivation NO-N fluxes were lower than in native vegetation. In the irrigated area (bean cultivation), NO-N fluxes were also significantly higher after broadcast fertilizations. Most of the soilN2O-N fluxes measured under cultivated and native vegetation were very low (<0.6 ngN2O-Ncm−2 h−1) except during bean cultivation when N2O-N fluxes increased after the first and second broadcast fertilization with irrigation and during nodule senescence in the soybean field. Soil respiration values from the soybean field were similar to those in native vegetation. The CO2-C fluxes during cultivation of maize and irrigated bean were twice as high as in the native vegetation. During bean cultivation with irrigation, an increase in CO2-C fluxes was observed after broadcast fertilization followed by a decrease after the harvest. Significantly lower soil C stocks (0–30cm depth) were determined under no-tillage agricultural systems in comparison with the stocks under savanna vegetation. Fertilizer-induced emission factors of N oxides calculated from the data were lower than those indicated by the IPCC as default.
ISSN: 01678809
metadata.dc.rights.license: O Periódico Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment concede permissão para depósito deste artigo no Repositório Institucional da UFOP. Número da licença: 3332590213540.
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