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Title: Poly (D,L-lactide) nanocapsules prepared by solvent displacement process : influence of composition on physico-chemical and structural properties.
Authors: Mosqueira, Vanessa Carla Furtado
Legrand, Philippe
Alphandary, Huguette Pinto
Puisieux, Francis
Barratt, Gillian
Keywords: Zeta potential
Drug carriers
Electron microscopy
Issue Date: 2000
Citation: MOSQUEIRA, V. C. F. et al. Poly (D,L-lactide) nanocapsules prepared by solvent displacement process: influence of composition on physico-chemical and structural properties. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, v. 89, n. 5, p. 614-626, 2000. Disponível em: <;2-7/abstract>. Acesso em: 20 jan. 2017.
Abstract: Nanocapsules (NC) were prepared by interfacial deposition of preformed biodegradable polymer (PLA50) after a solvent displacement process. The influence of the composition used for the preparation of NC was evaluated in terms of particle size, polydispersity, zeta potential, homogeneity, and structural characteristics of the systems. The nature of the oil phase, polymer molecular weight, type and concentration of different surfactants were investigated to optimize the formulation to obtain NC suitable for intravenous administration. The influence of the physicochemical properties of the different oils used in NC preparation on the NC size was evaluated. The interfacial tension between the oil and water phases seems to have a greater effect on NC size than the oil viscosity. Miglyol 810 and ethyl oleate lead to the formation of smaller NC, probably because of the reduced interfacial tension. The polymer molecular weight plays only a small role in NC surface charge in the presence of lecithin, whereas NC surface charge, size, polydispersity, and short-term stability were highly influenced by lecithin purity. It appears that the absence of poloxamer 188 leads to smaller polydispersity, less contamination with nanospheres, and reduced formation of structures other than NC. Furthermore, electron microscopy and density gradient density techniques were used to examine the structure of the particles formed and their homogeneity. NC formation was evidenced by the bands with intermediate density between nanoemulsion and nanospheres; however, other bands of low intensity were observed. The presence of liposomes and multilayers in NC preparation was confirmed by electron microscopy. The percentage of carboxyfluorescein entrapped in different NC formulations allowed us to estimate the contamination by liposomes. It has been show that, under our experimental conditions, an excess of lecithin is an essential prerequisite for a stable preparation of PLA NC.
ISSN: 1520-6017
Appears in Collections:DEFAR - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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