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Title: Reforming EIA systems : a critical review of proposals in Brazil.
Authors: Fonseca, Alberto de Freitas Castro
Sánchez, Luis Enrique
Ribeiro, José Cláudio Junqueira
Keywords: Policy change
Policy evaluation
Environmental policy
Developing country
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: FONSECA, A. de F. C.; SÁNCHEZ, L. E.; RIBEIRO, J. C. J. Reforming EIA systems: a critical review of proposals in Brazil. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, v. 62, p. 90-97, 2017. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 25 ago. 2017.
Abstract: Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) systems are under pressure in many countries, driven by a call for efficiency and streamlining. Such a phenomenon is particularly clear in Brazil,where, in the past fewyears, a number of influential associations put forward documents proposing significant changes to environmental licensing and impact assessment regulations. So far, there is no publicly available information about any initiative towards scrutinizing those proposals. The objective of this study was to critically review the merits and drawbacks of the changes proposed in those documents. The analysis triangulated content analysis, focus group and online survey data. The focus group included ten seasoned Brazilian EIA specialists; the survey, based on Likert-scale and open-ended questions, resulted in 322 valid responses from EIA professionals. Results show that the proposals generally agree that the current EIA system, while playing a key role in mitigating impacts and enhancing project design, needs many changes.Nonetheless, the proposals neither offered solutions to overcomepolitical, technical and budget barriers, nor established a sense of priority of the most urgent issues. Findings from the focus group and the survey signaled that a number of proposed actions might face public outcry, and that those changes that do not depend on legislative action are more likely to be implementable. Previous studies about EIA reform focused mostly on the context of developed countries after changes had taken place. This study, while addressing the perspective of a large developing country in a “before-reform” stage, shows that capacity-building is a key requirement in EIA reform.
ISSN: 0195-9255
metadata.dc.rights.license: O periódico Environmental Impact Assessment Review concede permissão para depósito deste artigo no Repositório Institucional da UFOP. Número da licença: 4196571360187.
Appears in Collections:DEAMB - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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