Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://www.repositorio.ufop.br/handle/123456789/8839
Title: Zircon geochronology and Hf isotopes of the Dwalile Supracrustal Suite, Ancient Gneiss Complex, Swaziland : insights into the diversity of Palaeoarchaean source rocks, depositional and metamorphic ages.
Authors: Schijndel, Valby van
Stevens, Gary
Zeh, Armin
Lana, Cristiano de Carvalho
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: SCHIJNDEL, V. van et al. Zircon geochronology and Hf isotopes of the Dwalile Supracrustal Suite, Ancient Gneiss Complex, Swaziland : insights into the diversity of Palaeoarchaean source rocks, depositional and metamorphic ages. Precambrian Research, v. 295, p. 48-66, 2017. Disponível em: <http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301926816304661>. Acesso em: 25 ago. 2017.
Abstract: We report the results of combined U-Pb and Lu-Hf isotope analyses of detrital and metamorphic zircon grains from a variety of metavolcano-sedimentary rocks of the Dwalile Supracrustal Suite (DSS) from the ca. 3.66 to 3.20 Ga Ancient Gneiss Complex (AGC) in Swaziland. The results indicate that the DSS is made up by Palaeo- and Mesoarchaean rocks which have been affected by a polymetamorphic overprint and became tectonically assembled during the Neoarchaean. The oldest Dwalile rocks were formed during a phase of felsic to intermediate volcanism at ca. 3.46 Ga, and are derived from the same magma source as the Tsawela Gneisses. Based on the combined U-Pb-Hf isotope data, two groups of metasedimentary rocks can be distinguished: an older Dwalile Group I that is similar in age to the Hooggenoeg and Kromberg Formations (3.46–3.40 Ga), but with a different source area. A younger Dwalile Group II is coeval with the Fig Tree and possibly Moodies Groups (<3.23 Ga) and the data suggest there was a similar provenance. The U-Pb-Hf isotope data and petrological observations demonstrate that the DSS was affected by three stages of metamorphic overprint: an event at 3.23 Ga, pervasive amphibolite-facies metamorphism at 3.15 Ga, and low-P granulite-facies metamorphism at 2.99 Ga. Metamorphic zircon in the amphibolitefacies rocks resulted from new growth in aqueous fluids at 3.15 Ga, whereas in the granulite-facies rocks new zircon was formed in the presence of melt. The 3.23 Ga event coincides with the last significant metamorphic overprint documented in the Barberton Greenstone Belt (BGB), whereas as two younger events are restricted to the AGC. The data support the model suggesting amalgamation between the AGC and BGB terranes at ca. 3.23 Ga. In addition, they require crustal thickening in the AGC terrane at ca. 3.15 Ga, causing Barrovian-type metamorphism in the DSS and granulite-facies metamorphism in the Luboya-Kubuta Terrane. Low-P granulite-facies metamorphism at ca. 2.99 Ga is most likely related to crustal extension during the onset of Pongola Basin rifting, causing mantle upwelling, mafic magmatism, and heat transfer from the mantle into the thinned crust.
URI: http://www.repositorio.ufop.br/handle/123456789/8839
ISSN: 03019268
metadata.dc.rights.license: O periódico Precambrian Research concede permissão para depósito deste artigo no Repositório Institucional da UFOP. Número da licença: 4193050796354.
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