Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Gaseous reduction model for sinter in consideration of calcium ferrite reaction process (unreacted-core shrinking model for six interfaces).
Authors: Usui, Tateo
Nakamuro, Yasuhiro
Nishi, Masahiro
Naito, Masaaki
Ono, Hideki
Assis, Paulo Santos
Keywords: Ironmaking
Blast furnace
Calcium ferrite
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: USUI, T. et al. Gaseous reduction model for sinter in consideration of calcium ferrite reaction process (unreacted-core shrinking model for six interfaces). Tetsu to Hagane, Journal of Iron and Steel Institute of Japan, v. 100, p. 294-301, 2014. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 20 jul. 2017.
Abstract: Reducible oxides containing iron in iron ore sinter are hematite, magnetite and quaternary calcium ferrite (abbreviated by CF), which is the complex crystalline mineral produced from Fe2O3, CaO, SiO2 and Al2O3. Equilibrium diagram for CF reduction with CO–CO2 gas mixture is a little but significantly different from the one for pure iron oxides. In previous analyses for reduction reaction of iron oxides in a blast furnace, however, sinter has been treated as pure iron oxides; existence of CF has been ignored. Reduction steps for CF can be written as CF(= ‘Fe2O3’) ‘Fe3O4’ ‘FeO’ ‘Fe’, which are much the same as pure iron oxides, where ‘Fe2O3’, ‘Fe3O4’, ‘FeO’ and ‘Fe’ designate hematite, magnetite, wustite and iron stages of CF, respectively. However, a reported variation of gas composition with temperature measured in a blast furnace shows that the gas composition in the thermal reserve zone is a little higher than the wustite/iron equilibrium, the reduction potential of which is less than that of ‘FeO’/‘Fe’ equilibrium and hence ‘FeO’ cannot be reduced to ‘Fe’. In the present work, therefore, gaseous reduction model for sinter is developed in consideration of CF reaction process; unreacted-core shrinking model for six interfaces is proposed to take into account reaction processes of CF as well as pure iron oxides. Trial comparison of the calculated reduction curve with our previously reported experimental data under simulated blast furnace conditions shows rather good agreement.
ISSN: 13475460
Appears in Collections:DEMET - Artigos publicados em periódicos

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
ARTIGO_GaseousReductionModel.pdf477,88 kBAdobe PDFView/Open    Request a copy

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.