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Title: Free-feeding insect herbivores along environmental gradients in Serra do Cipó : basis for a management plan.
Authors: Ribeiro, Sérvio Pontes
Carneiro, Marco Antonio Alves
Fernandes, Geraldo Wilson Afonso
Keywords: Altitudinal gradient
High altitude grassland vegetation
Free-feeding insect herbivores
Issue Date: 1998
Citation: RIBEIRO, S. P.; CARNEIRO, M. A. A.; FERNANDES, G. W. A. Free-feeding insect herbivores along environmental gradients in Serra do Cipó : basis for a management plan. Journal of Insect Conservation, London, v. 2, p. 107-118, 1998. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 20 de jul. 2017.
Abstract: The distribution of free-feeding insect herbivores in Brazilian savanna was studied in the National Park of Serra do Cipó. Insect samples were obtained with sweep nets across cerrado (savanna), rupestrian field and altitudinal grassland vegetation from 800 to 1500 m above sea level. We found a low species richness in xeric and mesic habitats during both wet and dry seasons. Sapsucking insects were the most abundant guild (53.4%) with Cicadellidae the most abundant family (27.2%). The hypothesis that taxon richness of free-feeding insects decreases with increasing altitude was supported in xeric habitats during the wet season only, mainly as a function of mountain summit effect. There was a decrease of 65% in the number of families occurring at 1400 and 1500 m compared with lower elevations. The exclusion of sites of rupestrian vegetation at mid-elevations from the analysis increased significantly the proportion of variance explained by the model. An examination of taxon distribution using canonical variate analysis supported this result. The hypothesis that mesic habitats are richer in species of free-feeding insect herbivores than are xeric habitats was not supported. The data indicate that plant sclerophylly may exert a strong negative influence on insect species richness, and that variation due to particular characteristics of each site strongly affected the studied guilds. The present results should inform conservation strategies for the National Park Management Plan, which is currently being developed.
ISSN: 15729753
Appears in Collections:DEBIO - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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