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Title: Cumulative impact assessment on air quality from multiple open pit mines.
Authors: Andrade, Paula Cristina Castro
Luz, José Aurélio Medeiros da
Campos, Arlindo Sales
Lima, Hernani Mota de
Keywords: Integrated impact
Dust generation
Open pit mines
Saltation velocity
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: ANDRADE, P. C. C. et al. Cumulative impact assessment on air quality from multiple open pit mines. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, v. 18, n. 2, p. 523-532, fev. 2016. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 10 jul. 2017.
Abstract: Both open pit mine and smelter projects can have significant impacts on a variety of environmental resources. Among these, air quality of the surroundings is a key issue. Additionally, the environmental assessment of projects demands integrated approach taking in account all pollution sources. Therefore, specific focus has been put on the methodology for assessing impacts on air quality. This paper proposes an integrated index of environmental impact aiming to quantify the air quality impact of industrial operations around an urban area, in case of scarcity of in situ acquired data. This proposed pollution index is demonstrated by a case study conducted in the municipality of Congonhas, Brazil, in which contributions of five open pit mines and two smelters were studied. To achieve the pollution index, the wind rose and distances from the centroids of effective areas to the urban nucleus itself were considered, taking into account the wind projection areas from windward impacting sources on the leeward impacted urban site. The proposed index also includes the squared wind speed (proportional to the kinetic energy transferred in uplifting dust from ground surface). The method proposed is considered suitable for impact assignment for each one of the air pollution sources in the neighborhood of studied area. Some fluid dynamic aspects of airborne particulate matter are also studied by proposing a new equation for threshold saltation speed.
ISSN: 1618-9558
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