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Title: Effect of ACTN3 gene on strength and endurance in soccer players.
Authors: Pimenta, Eduardo Mendonça
Coelho, Daniel Barbosa
Veneroso, Christiano Eduardo
Cruz, Izinara Rosse da
Morandi, Rodrigo Figueiredo
Pussieldi, Guilherme de Azambuja
Carvalho, Maria Raquel Santos
Garcia, Emerson Silami
Fernández, José A. de Paz
Keywords: Exercise test
Issue Date: 2013
Citation: PIMENTA, E. M. et al. Effect of ACTN3 gene on strength and endurance in soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, v. 27, p. 3287-3292, 2013. Disponível em:<> . Acesso em: 16 jun. 2017.
Abstract: Sports efficiency in activities in which strength and speed are the determining factors has been associated to the ACTN3 gene, which is responsible for the expression of a-actinin-3. Soccer is a mainly aerobic sport because of its long duration, but the acute actions that define the game demand a lot of strength and speed. The purpose of the present study was to compare the performance capacity of soccer players with different genotype groups of ACTN3 (XX, RX, and RR) in strength, speed, and endurance tests. Two hundred professional players of Brazilian soccer first division teams participated in this study. Speed, jump, and endurance test results were compared with the polymorphisms of the ACTN3 gene. It was noticed that RR individuals spent less time to run a 10-m path, compared with XX individuals (p , 0.05). The RR individuals also presented lower time rates at the 20- and 30-m path, compared with RX and XX individuals (p , 0.05). In jump tests, RR individuals presented higher rates, compared with RX and XX individuals (p , 0.05). As for aerobic tests, the XX individuals presented higher rates of V_ O2 max, compared with the RR group (p , 0.05), and did not differ from the RX group. The main conclusion of this study is that soccer players of genotype ACTN3/RR are the fastest in short distances and present higher jump potential. ACTN3/XX individuals presented the highest aerobic capacity. These findings can be used in training load adjustment and can influence the development of tactical schemes in soccer matches.
ISSN: 1064-8011
Appears in Collections:DEEFD - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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