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Title: Influence of the processing conditions and chemical environment on the crystal structures and phonon modes of lanthanide orthotantalates.
Authors: Siqueira, Kisla Prislen Félix
Carvalho, Géssica Borges de
Dias, Anderson
Issue Date: 2011
Citation: SIQUEIRA, K. P. F.; CARVALHO, G. B. de; DIAS, A. D. Influence of the processing conditions and chemical environment on the crystal structures and phonon modes of lanthanide orthotantalates. Dalton Transactions, v. 40, p. 9454-9460, 2011. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2017.
Abstract: Lanthanide orthotantalates RETaO4 (RE = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, and Lu) were synthesized by solid-state reaction in optimized conditions of temperature (1300 ◦C) and time (up to 14 h) to yield crystalline materials. The crystal structures of the obtained compounds were investigated by X-ray diffraction and Raman scattering. All the samples exhibited monoclinic structures, but with different arrangements as a function of the ionic radius of the rare-earth metal occupying the A-site. For compounds with the largest ionic radii (La–Pr), the ceramics crystallized in the monoclinic structure, P21/c (C52 h, #14, Z = 4), while the compounds with intermediate ionic radii (Nd–Tb) exhibited the fergusonite M-type structure, I2/a (C62 h, #15, Z = 4). Samples with the smallest ionic radii (Dy–Lu) presented the fergusonite M¢-type structure, P2/a (C42 h, #13, Z = 2). These last two groups of compounds exhibited phase transitions, which can be related to the processing temperature. The compounds belonging to the M-type structure are stable at high temperatures, whilst materials belonging to the M¢-type structure are stable at low temperatures. The results from XRD and Raman scattering allows us to understand the differences between these two structures in terms of the vibrational-active modes assigned to each space group. Also, the Raman patterns in addition to group-theory calculations for this complete lanthanide series were reported for the first time. The experimental results are in perfect agreement with theoretical calculations: samples with P21/c (#14) structure showed 36 Raman-active modes, while both I2/a (#15) and P2/a (#13) structures exhibited 18 Raman modes.
ISSN: 1477-9226
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