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Title: Nickel, manganese and copper removal by a mixed consortium of sulfate reducing bacteria at a high COD/sulfate ratio.
Authors: Barbosa, Leonardo de Paiva
Costa, Patrícia Freitas
Bertolino, Sueli Moura
Silva, Júlio César Cardoso da
Cota, Renata Guerra de Sá
Leão, Versiane Albis
Teixeira, Mônica Cristina
Keywords: Organic acids
Lactate degradation
Metal resistance
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: BARBOSA, L. P. et al. Nickel, manganese and copper removal by a mixed consortium of sulfate reducing bacteria at a high COD/sulfate ratio. World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology, p. 1-10, 2014. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 10 jan. 2017.
Abstract: The use of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) in passive treatments of acidic effluents containing heavy metals has become an attractive alternative biotechnology. Treatment efficiency may be linked with the effluent conditions (pH and metal concentration) and also to the amount and nature of the organic substrate. Variations on organic substrate and sulfate ratios clearly interfere with the biological removal of this ion by mixed cultures of SRB. This study aimed to cultivate a mixed culture of SRB using different lactate concentrations at pH 7.0 in the presence of Ni, Mn and Cu. The highest sulfate removal efficiency obtained was 98 %, at a COD/sulfate ratio of 2.0. The organic acid analyses indicated an acetate accumulation as a consequence of lactate degradation. Different concentrations of metals were added to the system at neutral pH conditions. Cell proliferation and sulfate consumption in the presence of nickel (4, 20 and 50 mg l-1), manganese (1.5, 10 and 25 mg l-1) and copper (1.5, 10 and 25 mg l-1) were measured. The presence of metals interfered in the sulfate biological removal however the concentration of sulfide produced was high enough to remove over 90 % of the metals in the environment. The molecular characterization of the bacterial consortium based on dsrB gene sequencing indicated the presence of Desulfovibrio desulfuricans, Desulfomonas pigra and Desulfobulbus sp. The results here presented indicate that this SRB culture may be employed for mine effluent bioremediation due to its potential for removing sulfate and metals, simultaneously.
ISSN: 1573-0972
Appears in Collections:DEFAR - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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