Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Continuous versus group sequential analysis for post-market drug and vaccine safety surveillance.
Authors: Silva, Ivair Ramos
Kulldorff, Martin
Keywords: Exact sequential analysis
Expected time to signal
Post-market safety surveillance
Uniformly better sequential design
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: SILVA, I. R.; KULLDORF, M. Continuous versus group sequential analysis for post-market drug and vaccine safety surveillance. Biometrics, Washington, v. 71, n. 3, p. 851-858, set. 2015. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 23 jan. 2017.
Abstract: The use of sequential statistical analysis for post-market drug safety surveillance is quickly emerging. Bothcontinuous and group sequential analysis have been used, but consensus is lacking as to when to use which approach. Wecompare the statistical performance of continuous and group sequential analysis in terms of type I error probability; statisticalpower; expected time to signal when the null hypothesis is rejected; and the sample size required to end surveillance withoutrejecting the null. We present a mathematical proposition to show that for any group sequential design there always existsa continuous sequential design that is uniformly better. As a consequence, it is shown that more frequent testing is alwaysbetter. Additionally, for a Poisson based probability model and a flat rejection boundary in terms of the log likelihood ratio,we compare the performance of various continuous and group sequential designs. Using exact calculations, we found that, forthe parameter settings used, there is always a continuous design with shorter expected time to signal than t he best groupdesign. The two key conclusions from this article are (i) that any post-market safety surveillance system should attempt toobtain data as frequently as possible, and (ii) that sequential testing should always be performed when new data arriveswithout deliberately waiting for additional data.
ISSN: 1541-0420
Appears in Collections:DECOM - Artigos publicados em periódicos

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
  Until 2030-01-23
223,79 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.