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Title: Bench-scale calcination and sintering of a goethite iron ore sample.
Authors: Silva, Mônica Suede Santos
Lima, Margarida Márcia Fernandes
Graça, Leonardo Martins
Lima, Rosa Malena Fernandes
Keywords: Iron ore
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: SILVA, M. S. S. et al. Bench-scale calcination and sintering of a goethite iron ore sample. International Journal of Mineral Processing, p. 54-64, 2016. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 11 jul. 2016.
Abstract: This work presents the results of bench calcination and sintering studies conducted on an iron ore sample from Iron Quadrangle, Brazil with high goethite content. The natural samples and the products of calcination and sinteringwere characterised by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (OES/ICP), X-ray spectrometry and gravimetric methods. Optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDS) were used to identify the phases in the studied samples. Density, specific surface area, specific pore volume and pore diameter were determined through gas pycnometry. All of the natural sinter feed samples had a Fe grade N64% and a very high phosphorus grade (~0.17%). After calcination, a 3.1–3.4% increase was observed in the Fe grade compared to that of the natural sinter feed samples. The average Fe grade of the sintered samples was 59.1%. The identified phases with XRD in the raw materials were hematite and goethite. In the calcined samples, only hematite was identified because of the thermal decomposition of goethite. The density, specific surface area, specific pore volume and pore diameter of the calcined samples increased compared to those of the natural sinter feed samples. Hematite, brownmillerite, anorthite, and gehlenite were identified in the sintered samples. The sites for phosphorus occurrence were calcium silicates and apatite. The sintered samples exhibited specific surface areas lower than those of the calcined samples. This result was ascribed to the destruction of the pore structure by the sintering process.No relationship between the proportions of nucleate, intermediate and agglomerate particles used inmixture of sinter testswith the results of microtumbler was identified.
ISSN: 0301-7516
metadata.dc.rights.license: O periódico International Journal of Mineral Processing concede permissão para depósito deste artigo no Repositório Institucional da UFOP. Número da licença: 3914191069141.
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