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Title: Accumulation and oxidation of elemental mercury in tropical soils.
Authors: Soares, Liliane Catone
Egreja Filho, Fernando Barboza
Linhares, Lucília Alves
Windmoller, Cláudia Carvalhinho
Yoshida, Maria Irene
Keywords: Atmospheric mercury
Chemical transformations
Thermal desorption
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: SOARES, L. C. et al. Accumulation and oxidation of elemental mercury in tropical soils. Chemosphere, v. 134, p. 181-191, 2015. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 13 out 2015.
Abstract: The role of chemical and mineralogical soil properties in the retention and oxidation of atmospheric mercury in tropical soils is discussed based on thermal desorption analysis. The retention of gaseous mercury by tropical soils varied greatly both quantitatively and qualitatively with soil type. The average natural mercury content of soils was 0.08 ± 0.06 lg g 1 with a maximum of 0.215 ± 0.009 lg g 1. After gaseous Hg0 incubation experiments, mercury content of investigated soils ranged from 0.6 ± 0.2 to 735 ± 23 lg g 1, with a mean value of 44 ± 146 lg g 1. Comparatively, A horizon of almost all soil types adsorbed more mercury than B horizon from the same soil, which demonstrates the key role of organic matter in mercury adsorption. In addition to organic matter, pH and CEC also appear to be important soil characteristics for the adsorption of mercury. All thermograms showed Hg2+ peaks, which were predominant in most of them, indicating that elemental mercury oxidized in tropical soils. After four months of incubation, the thermograms showed oxidation levels from 70% to 100%. As none of the samples presented only the Hg0 peak, and the soils retained varying amounts of mercury despite exposure under the same incubation conditions, it became clear that oxidation occurred on soil surface. Organic matter seemed to play a key role in mercury oxidation through complexation/stabilization of the oxidized forms. The lower percentages of available mercury (extracted with KNO3) in A horizons when compared to B horizons support this idea.
ISSN: 0045-6535
metadata.dc.rights.license: O periódico Chemosphere concede permissão para depósito deste artigo no Repositório Institucional da UFOP. Número da licença: 3730730956104.
Appears in Collections:DECEA - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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