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Title: Qualitative investigation of the performance of a structural membrane roof project.
Authors: Nunes, Eliana Ferreira
metadata.dc.contributor.advisor: Sousa Junior, João Batista Marques de
Baier, Bernd
Sarmanho, Arlene Maria Cunha
Keywords: Metallic structures
Structural membranes
Structural optimization
Performance strategies
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: NUNES, Eliana Ferreira. Qualitative investigation of the performance of a structural membrane roof project. 2012. 241 f. Tese (Doutorado em Engenharia Civil) - Escola de Minas, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Ouro Preto, 2012.
Abstract: This paper provides a qualitative investigation about the structural performance of the membranes, surface structures (with double curvature in opposite directions) with minimum thickness and weight, which absorb forces in form of tensile stresses in its own plane, considering two aspects: structural and design procedure. Initially, it involved the analyses of lightweight structure buildings and the observation of constructive work process in membrane roofs. These investigations allowed identifying strategies that contribute to achieve optimum system performance and the challenges encountered along the stages of designing and building. They also guided the qualitative analysis of the performance of a structural membrane roofing project, i.e., a particular situation, as example. This qualitative analysis was developed in two stages, guided by experimental and numerical data. The first stage involved the optimization procedure of the structural system under load action. This analysis showed that the flexible system performance is a result of the three-dimensional stability of the structural system (arrangement and geometry of all components), membrane surface stiffness (membrane geometry), as well as the cooperation of all components in pre-tension state. The second stage comprised the experimental investigation of the membrane material behaviour within the structure context in order to analyze the flattened membrane geometry. Such evaluation enabled to verify the difference between the theoretical model (shape of equilibrium) and the actual shape (consisting of flat panels), enabling the proper adjustment of the surface geometry so that the final shape can reveal not only the path of the forces, but also the best use of the material. The investigations, analyses and working procedure here adopted broadened the understanding of this system pointing possibilities to increase its performance and to minimize failures during the preliminary stage of design.
Description: Programa de Pós Graduação em Engenharia Civil. Departamento de Engenharia Civil, Escola de Minas, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto.
metadata.dc.rights.license: A concessão da licença deste item refere-se ao termo de autorização impresso assinado pelo autor com as seguintes condições: Autorizo a UFOP – Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto – a disponibilizar gratuitamente, sem ressarcimento dos direitos autorais, o texto integral da publicação supracitada, de minha autoria, em meio eletrônico, na BDTD – Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertações, no formato especificado, para fins de leitura, impressão e/ou download pela Internet, a título de divulgação da produção científica gerada pela Universidade a partir desta data.
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