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Title: Provenance and paleogeographic reconstruction of a mesoproterozoic intracratonic sag basin (Upper Espinhaço Basin, Brazil).
Authors: Santos, Marcelo Nascimento dos
Chemale Júnior, Farid
Dussin, Ivo Antonio
Martins, Maximiliano de Souza
Queiroga, Gláucia Nascimento
Pinto, R. T. R.
Santos, A. N.
Armstrong, Richard
Keywords: Stenian
Espinhaço basin
São Francisco craton
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: SANTOS, M. N. et al. Provenance and paleogeographic reconstruction of a mesoproterozoic intracratonic sag basin (Upper Espinhaço Basin, Brazil). Sedimentary Geology, v. 318, p. 40-57, 2014. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 01 set. 2014.
Abstract: The Mesoproterozoic Conselheiro Mata Group is the uppermost sequence of the Proterozoic intracontinental Espinhaço basin that developed on the Congo-São Francisco Paleoplate. This sequence is represented by amarine shallow-water platform that experienced a sag phase followed by a rift phase in the Upper Espinhaço.We used combined sedimentological-stratigraphic descriptions of sections, whole-rock (WR) geochemistry and U-Pb detrital zircon dating to develop a regional paleogeographic evolution model of the sag phase. The succession corresponds to transgressive-regressive cycles in the following ascending order: 1) offshore to lower shoreface facies represented by quiescent periods and episodic sediment supply (Santa Rita Formation); 2) upper shoreface to foreshore and coastal desert facies with a reworking of the underlying units (Córrego dos Borges Formation); 3) lower shoreface with fallout of suspended fine sediments and a combination of unidirectional and oscillatory flows generated by storm waves (Córrego da Bandeira Formation); 4) tidal-influenced upper shoreface to foreshore facies with the migration of subaqueous dunes, wave swash in a beach environment and cycles of neap-spring tides (Córrego Pereira Formation); and 5) the resumption of lower-shoreface sedimentation and the subsequent development of a stromatolitic carbonate-siliciclastic platform (Rio Pardo Grande Formation). The geochemical data indicate that the studied units contain input from felsic rocks and sedimentary rocks. The basal marine to eolian sediments of the Galho do Miguel Formation are dominated by Rhyacian sources (2.1 Ga). The basal and intermediate units of the Conselheiro Group contain Archean, Rhyacian, Statherian and Calymmian-Ectasian (1.6–1.33 Ga) zircon grains, whereas Orosirian (1.9–2.0 Ga) sources dominate in the upper strata of the group. The study of this Stenian (Mesoproterozoic) intracratonic sequence provides clues to understanding the history of sedimentation and the potential source areas on the São Francisco Craton and adjacent areas, which are very useful for comparison to Phanerozoic intracratonic basins and the reconstruction of Paleoproterozoic and Mesoproterozoic supercontinents.
ISSN: 0037-0738
metadata.dc.rights.license: O periódico Sedimentary Geology concede permissão para depósito deste artigo no Repositório Institucional da UFOP. Número da licença: 3701420965694.
Appears in Collections:DEGEO - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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