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Title: Association between nutritional status, food habits and physical activity level in schoolchildren.
Authors: Coelho, Lorene Gonçalves
Cândido, Ana Paula Carlos
Coelho, George Luiz Lins Machado
Freitas, Silvia Nascimento de
Keywords: Overweight
Food habits
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: COELHO, L. G. et al. Association between nutritional status, food habits and physical activity level in schoolchildren. Jornal de Pediatria, v. 88, n. 5, p. 406-412, 2012. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 21 out. 2015.
Abstract: Objective: To analyze the relation between nutritional status, food habits and physical activity level in schoolchildren. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 661 schoolchildren, from 6 to 14 years old, enrolled in public and private schools located in the urban area of Ouro Preto, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. A semistructured questionnaire was applied to collect data on demographic, socio-economic, anthropometric and level of physical activity variables. Schoolchildren were classified according to criteria for body mass index by age, body fat percentage and physical activity level, respectively. Dietary data were collected through a validated food frequency questionnaire specific for children and adolescents. Food consumption was evaluated according to an adaptation of the Recommended Foods Score, whose objective is the assessment of overall diet quality with a focus on healthy food consumption. Results: We observed high frequency of overweight according to body mass index per age (20.1%) and body fat percentage (22.8%), as well as physical inactivity (80.3%) among schoolchildren. We also found low scores on the Recommended Foods Score in 77.2% of students. There was no significant relation between overweight and physical inactivity or food consumption (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Schoolchildren had a high frequency of overweight, which, alone, was not associated with the high physical inactivity and the low quality diet observed. Therefore, more studies should be performed to identify other factors besides those already described, which may be influencing overweight in this population.
ISSN: 1678-4782
metadata.dc.rights.license: Todo o conteúdo do periódico Jornal de Pediatria, exceto onde identificado, está sob uma licença Creative Commons que permite copiar, distribuir e transmitir o trabalho em qualquer suporte ou formato desde que sejam citados o autor e o licenciante. Não permite o uso para fins comerciais nem a adaptação. Fonte: Jornal de Pediatria <>. Acesso em: 19 ago. 2019.
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