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|Title:||Genotypic and phenotypic diversity of Bacillus spp. isolated from steel plant waste.|
|Authors:||Freitas, Dulcecleide Bezerra de|
Reis, Mariana P.
Bittencourt, Cláudia Iracema Lima
Costa, Patrícia S.
Assis, Paulo Santos
Souza, Edmar Chartone de
Nascimento, Andrea Maria Amaral
|Citation:||FREITAS, D. B. et al. Genotypic and phenotypic diversity of Bacillus spp. isolated from steel plant waste. Biomedical Research, Aligarh, v. 1, p. 92, 2008. Disponível em: <http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1756-0500-1-92.pdf>. Acesso em: 09 abr. 2015.|
|Abstract:||Background: Molecular studies of Bacillus diversity in various environments have been reported. However, there have been few investigations concerning Bacillus in steel plant environments. In this study, genotypic and phenotypic diversity and phylogenetic relationships among 40 bacterial isolates recovered from steel plant waste were investigated using classical and molecular methods. Results: 16S rDNA partial sequencing assigned all the isolates to the Bacillus genus, with close genetic relatedness to the Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus cereus groups, and to the species Bacillus sphaericus. tDNA-intergenic spacer length polymorphisms and the 16S–23S intergenic transcribed spacer region failed to identify the isolates at the species level. Genomic diversity was investigatedby molecular typing with rep (repetitive sequence) based PCR using the primer sets ERIC2 (enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus), (GTG)5, and BOXAIR. Genotypic fingerprinting of the isolates reflected high intraspecies and interspecies diversity. Clustering of the isolates using ERIC-PCR fingerprinting was similar to that obtained from the 16S rRNA gene phylogenetic tree, indicating the potential of the former technique as a simple and useful tool for examining relationships among unknown Bacillus spp. Physiological, biochemical and heavy metal susceptibility profiles also indicated considerable phenotypic diversity. Among the heavy metal compounds tested Zn, Pb and Cu were least toxic to the bacterial isolates, whereas Ag inhibited all isolates at 0.001 mM. Conclusion: Isolates with identical 16S rRNA gene sequences had different genomic fingerprints and differed considerably in their physiological capabilities, so the high levels of phenotypic diversity found in this study are likely to have ecological relevance.|
|metadata.dc.rights.license:||This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Fonte: o próprio artigo.|
|Appears in Collections:||DEMET - Artigos publicados em periódicos|
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