Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://www.repositorio.ufop.br/jspui/handle/123456789/5158
Title: Mine water treatment with limestone for sulfate removal.
Authors: Silva, Adarlêne Moreira
Lima, Rosa Malena Fernandes
Leão, Versiane Albis
Keywords: Sulfate
Mine water
Limestone
Sorption
Fixed-bed models
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: SILVA, A. M.; LIMA, R. M. F.; LEÃO, V. A. Mine water treatment with limestone for sulfate removal. Journal of Hazardous Materials, v. 221-222, p. 45-55, 2012. Disponível em: <http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304389412003603>. Acesso em: 06 mar. 2015.
Abstract: Limestone can be an option for sulfate sorption, particularly from neutral mine drainages because calcium ions on the solid surface can bind sulfate ions. This work investigated sulfate removal from mine waters through sorption on limestone. Continuous stirred-tank experiments reduced the sulfate concentration from 588.0 mg/L to 87.0 mg/L at a 210-min residence time. Batch equilibrium tests showed that sulfate loading on limestone can be described by the Langmuir isotherm, with a maximum loading of 23.7 mg/g. Fixed-bed experiments were utilized to produce breakthrough curves at different bed depths. The Bed Depth Service Time (BDST) model was applied, and it indicated sulfate loadings of up to 20.0 g (SO4)2− /Lbed as the flow rate increased from 1 to 10 mL/min. Thomas, Yoon–Nelson and dose–response models, predicted a maximum particle loading of 19 mg/g. Infrared spectrometry indicated the presence of sulfate ions on the limestone surface. Sulfate sorption on limestone seems to be an alternative to treating mine waters with sulfate concentrations below the 1200–2000 mg/L range, where lime precipitation is not effective. In addition, this approach does not require alkaline pH values, as in the ettringite process.
URI: http://www.repositorio.ufop.br/handle/123456789/5158
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.03.066
ISSN: 0304-3894
metadata.dc.rights.license: O periódico Journal of Hazardous Materials concede permissão para depósito deste artigo no Repositório Institucional da UFOP. Número da licença: 3585901000458.
Appears in Collections:DEMIN - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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