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Title: Descriptive ecology of bat flies (Diptera: Hippoboscoidea) associated with vampire bats (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) in the cerrado of central Brazil.
Authors: Aguiar, Ludmilla Moura de Souza
Itabaiana, Yasmine Antonini
Keywords: Cerrado
Strebla diaemi
Trichobius diaemi
Vampire bats
Issue Date: 2011
Citation: AGUIAR, L. M. de S.; ITABAIANA, Y. A. Descriptive ecology of bat flies (Diptera: Hippoboscoidea) associated with vampire bats (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) in the cerrado of central Brazil. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, v. 106, p. 170-176, 2011. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 15 out. 2014.
Abstract: We studied the ectoparasitic bat flies of three phyllostomid vampire bat species. Bats were collected monthly from April 2004-March 2005 in caves within the Cafuringa Environmental Protection Area in the Federal District of Brazil. A total of 1,259 specimens from six species in the Streblidae family were collected from 332 bats. High host affinity from the sampled bat fly species and high prevalence of bat flies confirms the primary fly-host associations (Strebla wiedemanni, Trichobius parasiticus and Trichobius furmani with Desmodus, Trichobius diaemi and Strebla diaemi with Diaemus and T. furmani with Diphylla). Male flies outnumbered females in several associations. Some of the observed associations (e.g., Strebla mirabilis with Desmodus and S. mirabilis, Trichobius uniformis and S. wiedemanni with Diphylla) were inconclusive and the causes of the associations were unclear. There are several explanations for these associations, including (i) accidental contamination during sampling, (ii) simultaneous capture of several host species in the same net or (iii) genuine, but rare, ecological associations. Although various species of vampire bats share roosts, have similar feeding habits and are close phylogenetic relatives, they generally do not share ectoparasitic streblid bat flies. T. diaemi and S. diaemi associations with Diaemus youngi have not been previously reported in this region.
ISSN: 0074-0276
metadata.dc.rights.license: O periódico Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz permite que o Repositório Institucional da Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto (UFOP) deposite uma cópia eletrônica dos artigos publicados por esse periódico  em que ao menos um dos autores faça parte da comunidade cientifica da UFOP. Fonte: Licença concedida mediante preenchimento de formulário em 12 dez. 2013.
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