Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Mineral content and adequacy of oral hospital diets offered to chronic kidney disease pre-dialysis patients.
Authors: Silva, Janiara David
Moreira, Daniele Caroline Faria
Sá, Júlia Sommerlatte Manzoli de
Nemer, Aline Silva de Aguiar
Morgano, Marcelo Antonio
Keywords: Hospital oral diet
Chronic renal failure
Diet therapy
Nutritional recommendation
Mineral nutrition
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: SILVA, J. D. et al. Mineral content and adequacy of oral hospital diets offered to chronic kidney disease pre-dialysis patients. e-SPEN Journal, v. 9, p. e161-e166, 2014. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 08 nov. 2014.
Abstract: Background & aims: The diet for patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) has important clinical impact on the disease progression. This study determined the contents of Ca, P, K, Na, Mg, Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn and Se in an oral hospital diet and a Oral Food Complement (OFC), prepared for CKD patients, with the adequacy quantified with respect to nutritional recommendations. Methods: Samples of the diet were collected in a Brazilian public hospital, with mineral determination by ICP-OES. The Dietary Reference Intake and specific nutritional recommendations for CKD patients were used to assess the nutritional adequacy. Results: About 14.3% of the diets produced for CKD patients were analyzed. The levels of P, K, Mn and Na were over the recommendation, with Na exceeding the Upper Level. Inadequacy of Ca and Se were observed for all groups and ages. Inadequate values of iron were found for adult women. The combination of OFC with the diet was sufficient to provide adequate values of Fe, however, did not increase Ca and Se contents to adequate levels, and added unnecessary quantities of P, K and Na. Conclusion: With the exception of K and P the diets exhibited insufficient mineral contents and toxic levels of Na. Diet menus and OFC compositions need to be changed to meet the nutritional recommendations and support the clinical assistance of CKD patients and also contribute to the nutritional education of this group.
ISSN: 2212-8263
metadata.dc.rights.license: O periódico e-SPEN Journal concede permissão para depósito deste artigo no Repositório Institucional da UFOP. Número da licença: 3556580215178.
Appears in Collections:DENCS - Artigos publicados em periódicos

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
ARTIGO_MineralContentAdequacy.pdf189,63 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.