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Title: The molecular structure of the phosphate mineral chalcosiderite - a vibrational spectroscopic study.
Authors: Frost, Ray Leslie
Xi, Yunfei
Cipriano, Ricardo Augusto Scholz
Ribeiro, Carlos Augusto de Brito
Keywords: Chalcosiderite
Issue Date: 2013
Citation: FROST, R. L. et al. The molecular structure of the phosphate mineral chalcosiderite - a vibrational spectroscopic study. Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, v. 111, p. 24 - 30, 2013. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 07 out. 2014.
Abstract: The mineral chalcosiderite with formula CuFe6(PO4)4(OH)8_4H2O has been studied by Raman spectroscopy and by infrared spectroscopy. A comparison of the chalcosiderite spectra is made with the spectra of turquoise. The spectra of the mineral samples are very similar in the 1200–900 cm_1 region but strong differences are observed in the 900–100 cm_1 region. The effect of substitution of Fe for Al in chalcosiderite shifts the bands to lower wavenumbers. Factor group analysis (FGA) implies four OH stretching vibrations for both the water and hydroxyl units. Two bands ascribed to water are observed at 3276 and 3072 cm_1. Three hydroxyl stretching vibrations are observed. Calculations using a Libowitzky type formula show that the hydrogen bond distances of the water molecules are 2.745 and 2.812 Å which are considerably shorter than the values for the hydroxyl units 2.896, 2.917 and 2.978 Å. Two phosphate stretching vibrations at 1042 and 1062 cm_1 in line with the two independent phosphate units in the structure of chalcosiderite. Three bands are observed at 1102, 1159 and 1194 cm_1 assigned to the phosphate antisymmetric stretching vibrations. FGA predicts six bands but only three are observed due to accidental degeneracy. Both the m2 and m4 bending regions are complex. Four Raman bands observed at 536, 580, 598 and 636 cm_1 are assigned to the m4 bending modes. Raman bands at 415, 420, 475 and 484 cm_1are assigned to the phosphate m2 bending modes. Vibrational spectroscopy enables aspects of the molecular structure of chalcosiderite to be assessed.
ISSN: 1386-1425
metadata.dc.rights.license: O periódico Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy concede permissão para depósito deste artigo no Repositório Institucional da UFOP. Número da licença: 3490330617744.
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