Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://www.repositorio.ufop.br/handle/123456789/4295
Title: Blunted gaba-mediated inhibition within the dorsomedial hypothalamus potentiates the cardiovascular response to emotional stress in rats fed a high-fat diet.
Authors: Abreu, Aline Rezende Ribeiro de
Abreu, Alessandra Rezende Ribeiro de
Santos, Laura Tavares
Souza, Aline Maria Arlindo de
Silva Junior, Luiz Gonzaga da
Chianca Júnior, Deoclécio Alves
Menezes, Rodrigo Cunha Alvim de
Keywords: Obesity
Emotional stress
Dorsomedial hypothalamus
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: ABREU, A. R. et al. Blunted gaba-mediated inhibition within the dorsomedial hypothalamus potentiates the cardiovascular response to emotional stress in rats fed a high-fat diet. Neuroscience, v. 262, p. 21-30, 2014. Disponível em: <http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306452213010865>. Acesso em: 08 nov. 2014.
Abstract: Rats fed a high-fat diet (HFD) present an exaggerated endocrine response to stress conditions, which, like obesity, show a high correlation with cardiovascular diseases. Meanwhile the GABAergic neurotransmission within the dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH) is involved in the regulation of the physiological responses during emotional stress. Here we evaluated the influence of obesity, induced by a HFD, on the cardiovascular responses induced by air jet stress in rats, and the role of the GABAergic tonus within the DMH in these changes. Our results showed that consumption of a HFD (45% w/w fat) for 9 weeks induced obesity and increases in baseline mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR). Moreover, obesity potentiated stress responsiveness, evidenced by the greater changes in MAP and HR induced by stress in obese rats. The injection of muscimol into the DMH reduced the maximal increases in HR and MAP induced by stress in both groups; however, the reduction in the maximal increases in MAP in the HFD group was less pronounced. Moreover, the injection of muscimol into the DMH of obese rats was less effective in reducing the stress-induced tachycardia, since the HR attained the same levels at the end of the stress paradigm as after the vehicle injection. Injection of bicuculline into DMH induced increases in MAP and HR in both groups. Nevertheless, obesity shortened the tachycardic response to bicuculline injection. These data show that obesity potentiates the cardiovascular response to stress in rats due to an inefficient GABAA-mediated inhibition within the DMH.
URI: http://www.repositorio.ufop.br/handle/123456789/4295
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2013.12.053
ISSN: 0306-4522
metadata.dc.rights.license: O periódico Neuroscience concede permissão para depósito deste artigo no Repositório Institucional da UFOP. Número da licença: 3521411127296.
Appears in Collections:DECBI - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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