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dc.contributor.authorAlves, Cibele Fontes-
dc.contributor.authorAlves, Cíntia Fontes-
dc.contributor.authorFigueiredo, Maria Marta-
dc.contributor.authorSouza, Carolina Carvalho de-
dc.contributor.authorCoelho, George Luiz Lins Machado-
dc.contributor.authorMelo, Maria Norma-
dc.contributor.authorTafuri, Washington Luiz-
dc.contributor.authorRaso, Pedro-
dc.contributor.authorSoares, Rodrigo Pedro Pinto-
dc.contributor.authorTafuri, Wagner Luiz-
dc.identifier.citationALVES, C. F. et al. American tegumentary leishmaniasis : effectiveness of an immunohistochemical protocol for the detection of leishmania in skin. Plos One, v. 08, p. e63343, 2013. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 01 set. 2014.pt_BR
dc.description.abstractBackground: American tegumentary leishmaniasis (ATL) is endemic in Latin America, where Brazil has over 27 thousand cases per year. The aim of the present study was to develop an immunohistochemical method (IHC) for ATL diagnosis. For this purpose, we used serum from a dog naturally infected with Leishmania (L) infantum (canine hyperimmune serum) as the primary antibody, followed by a detection system with a secondary biotinylated antibody. Methodology: Skin samples were obtained from 73 patients in an endemic area of Caratinga, Minas Gerais (MG) State, Brazil all testing positive for ATL with the Montenegro skin test, microscopy, and PCR. Canine hyperimmune serum of a dog naturally infected with Leishmania (L.) infantum was employed as a primary antibody in an immunohistochemical diagnostic method using streptavidin-biotin peroxidase. To assess the specificity of this reaction, IHC assays employing two monoclonal antibodies were carried out. As the polymer-based technology is less time-consuming and labor intensive than the IHC labeled streptavidin-biotin peroxidase method, we compared the two methods for all samples. Results: The IHC method detected ATL in 67 of the 73 cases (91.8%). Immunolabeled parasites were primarily detected inside macrophages either in the superficial or the deep dermis. Detection was facilitated by the high contrast staining of amastigotes (dark brown) against the light blue background. A lower detection rate (71.2%) was observed with the both of the monoclonal Leishmania antibodies compared to the canine hyperimmune serum. This may have been due to a nonspecific background staining observed in all histological samples rendering positive detection more difficult. The higher efficacy of the canine hyperimmune serum in the IHC method was confirmed by the method using streptavidin-biotin peroxidase as well as that with the polymer-based technology (biotin-avidin-free system). Conclusions: The data are encouraging with regard to validating IHC as a standard alternative method for ATL diagnosis.pt_BR
dc.titleAmerican tegumentary leishmaniasis : effectiveness of an immunohistochemical protocol for the detection of leishmania in skin.pt_BR
dc.typeArtigo publicado em periodicopt_BR
dc.rights.licenseNo permission is required from the authors or the publishers. Fonte: Plos <>. Acesso em: 08 dez. 2013.pt_BR
Appears in Collections:DEMSC - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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