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Title: Timing and mechanisms for the generation and modification of the anomalous topography of the Borborema Province, northeastern Brazil.
Authors: Morais Neto, João Marinho de
Hegarty, Kerry A.
Karner, Garry David
Alkmim, Fernando Flecha de
Keywords: Borborema province
Brazilian equatorial margin
Northeastern Brazil
Apatite fission-track analysis
Post-rift uplift
Issue Date: 2009
Citation: MORAIS NETO, J. M. de et al. Timing and mechanisms for the generation and modification of the anomalous topography of the Borborema Province, northeastern Brazil. Marine and Petroleum Geology, v. 26, n. 7, p. 1070-1086, ago. 2009. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 03 dez. 2012.
Abstract: The results of apatite fission-track analysis in 14 granitic-gneissic samples from two regional transects across the Borborema Plateau, northeastern Brazil, show evidence for two dominant paleothermal events: a Late Cretaceous cooling event beginning sometime between 100 and 90 Ma, and a second cooling event in the Neogene. The distribution of the fission-track results suggests that the cooling events have a broad regional expression and are consistent with the geologic record in the Araripe Basin, western Borborema Province, which attests to a post-Albian uplift of the whole region. We hypothesize that the first event is due to the uplift and denudation of regional, permanent topography generated after the breakup of Brazil and Africa. Such topography is predicted by models of continental margin extension in which continental lithosphere thinning is followed by thickening of the adjacent hinterland lithosphere and crust (Kusznir, N.J., Karner, G.D., 2007. Continental lithospheric thinning and breakup in response to upwelling divergent mantle flow: application to the Woodlark, Newfoundland and Iberia margins. In: Karner, G.D., Manatschal, G., Pinheiro, L. (Eds), Imaging, mapping and modeling continental lithosphere extension and breakup. Special Publication 282, Geological Society, London, pp. 389–419.). In northeastern Brazil, this extension-engendered topography may have been amplified by magmatic underplating related to the Saint Helena and Ascension plumes. The Miocene cooling event (20–0 Ma) occurred at a time characterized by the transition from carbonate ramp to progradational clastic systems on the Pernambuco–Paraíba margin and the offshore Potiguar Basin. This same stratigraphic response characterizes the Neogene stratigraphy of many passive margins and attests to a global increase in the delivery of clastics to margins, the simplest explanation of which is a climate change that accentuated erosion of pre-existing topography. Thus, the present rugged landscape of northeastern Brazil is interpreted to be a product of this younger denudation event. A corollary of this study is that the history, distribution and delivery of clastics to the northern and northeastern margins of Brazil are a function of the regional development of the continental landscape during the Late Cenozoic.
ISSN: 02648172
metadata.dc.rights.license: O periódico Marine and Petroleum Geology concede permissão para depósito deste artigo no Repositório Institucional da UFOP. Número da licença: 3315440205559.
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