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Title: Occurrence and environmental risk assessment of 22 pesticides in Brazilian freshwaters.
Authors: Brovini, Emília Marques
Quadra, Gabrielle Rabelo
Teixeira, José Reinaldo Paranaíba Vilela Alves
Carvalho, Luana
Pereira, Renata de Oliveira
Aquino, Sergio Francisco de
Keywords: Aquatic ecosystems
Water resources
Issue Date: 2023
Citation: BROVINI, E. M. et al. Occurrence and environmental risk assessment of 22 pesticides in Brazilian freshwaters. Aquatic Toxicology, v. 260, artigo 106566, jul. 2023. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 01 ago. 2023.
Abstract: Pesticide contamination in water resources is a global threat. Although usually found at low concentrations, pesticides raise considerable toxicological concerns, mainly when mixtures are considered. The occurrence of 22 pesticides (2,4 D, alachlor, aldicarb, aldrin, atrazine, carbendazim, carbofuran, chlordane, chlorpyrifos, DDT, diuron, glyphosate, lindane, mancozeb, methamidophos, metolachlor, molinate, profenofos, simazine, tebuconazole, terbufos, and trifluralin) was investigated, through consolidated database information, in surface freshwaters of Brazil. Moreover, scenarios of environmental risk assessment considering isolated compounds and mixtures were performed, as well as a meta-analytic approach for toxicity purposes. Pesticides in freshwater have been reported from 719 cities (12.9% of Brazilian cities), where 179 (3.2%) showed pesticide occurrence above the limit of detection or quantification. Considering cities with more than five quantified, 16 cities were prone to environmental risks considering individual risks. However, the number increased to 117 cities when the pesticide mixture was considered. The mixture risk was driven by atrazine, chlorpyrifos, and DDT. The national maximum acceptable concentrations (MAC) for nearly all pesticides are higher than the predicted no-effect concentration (PNEC) for the species evaluated, except aldrin. Our results show the need to consider mixtures in the environmental risk assessment to avoid underestimation and review MAC to protect aquatic ecosystems. The results presented here may guide the revision of the national environmental legislation to ensure the protection of Brazilian aquatic ecosystems.
ISSN: 0166-445X
Appears in Collections:DEQUI - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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