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Title: Aerobic post-treatment of effluent from anaerobic reactors fed with residues from 1G and 2G sugarcane biorefineries.
Authors: Procópio, Paula Fontoura
Aquino, Sergio Francisco de
Herrera Adarme, Oscar Fernando
Keywords: Activated sludge
Aerobic post-treatment
Issue Date: 2022
Citation: PROCOPIO, P. F.; AQUINO, S. F. de; HERRERA ADARME, O. F. Aerobic post-treatment of effluent from anaerobic reactors fed with residues from 1G and 2G sugarcane biorefineries. Water Environment Research, v. 94, n. 8, p. e10771, ago. 2022. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 01 ago. 2023.
Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate an activated sludge system as a post-treatment step of anaerobic effluents from the co-digestion of sugarcane vinasse and hemicelluloses hydrolysate. The system consisted, initially, of a two-stage anaerobic system followed by a continuously fed activated sludge, all in bench scale. After adaptation of aerobic microorganisms to effluent conditions, the anaerobic digestion was conducted in a single-stage anaerobic reactor, increasing the influent organic loading rate (OLR) of activated sludge from 0.73 to an average of 2.36 gCOD/L day. Under optimal conditions (12-h hydraulic retention time [HRT]), a 62 ± 9% efficiency was observed on the aerobic post-treatment, resulting in effluent chemical oxygen demand (COD) of 414.3 ± 95 mg/ L. Overall efficiency of the combined system (anaerobic + aerobic) averaged 88 ± 3%. Influent and effluent characteristics were then analyzed by Folin-Ciocalteau method, UV–Vis spectrophotometry, and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS) for identification of potentially toxic and recalcitrant compounds. Compounds that absorb light within the visible spectra were well removed by the combined treatment system. Most compounds identified by GC–MS in the influent were completely removed by aerobic microorganisms. Saturated fatty acids such as adipic acid, hexadecanoic acid, and octadecanoic acid were observed in the final effluent, as well as other potentially toxic compounds such as stigmasterol, di-isobutyl phthalate, and benzene. Activated sludge proved to be an efficient post-treatment for anaerobic co-digestion, able to cope with changes of anaerobic effluent quality and providing a final effluent of stable organic load. However, phenol removal was not efficient and further studies could be performed to optimize its degradation.
ISSN: 1554-7531
Appears in Collections:DEQUI - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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