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Title: Is city-level travel time by car associated with individual obesity or diabetes in Latin American cities? : evidence from 178 cities in the SALURBAL project.
Authors: Delclòs Alió, Xavier
Rodriguez, Daniel A.
López Olmedo, Nancy
Pérez Ferrer, Carolina
Moore, Kari
Stern, Dalia
Menezes, Mariana Carvalho de
Cardoso, Leticia de Oliveira
Wang, Xize
Guimarães, Joanna Miguez Nery
Miranda, J. Jaime
Sarmiento Dueñas, Olga Lucia
Keywords: Car use
Travel time
Issue Date: 2022
Citation: DELCLÒS ALIÓ, X. et al. Is city-level travel time by car associated with individual obesity or diabetes in Latin American cities?: evidence from 178 cities in the SALURBAL project. Cities, v. 131, artigo 103899, dez. 2022. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 01 ago. 2023.
Abstract: There is growing evidence that longer travel time by private car poses physical and mental risks. Individual-level obesity and diabetes, two of the main public health challenges in low- and middle-income contexts, could be associated to city-level travel times by car. We used individual obesity and diabetes data from national health surveys from individuals in 178 Latin American cities, compiled and harmonized by the SALURBAL project. We calculated city-level travel times by car using the Google Maps Distance Matrix API. We estimated associations between peak hour city-level travel time by car and obesity and diabetes using multilevel logistic regression models, while adjusting for individual characteristics and other city-level covariates. In our study we did not observe a relationship between city-level peak-hour travel time by car and individual obesity and diabetes, as reported in previous research for individual time spent in vehicles in high-income settings. Our results suggest that this relationship may be more complex in Latin America compared to other settings, especially considering that cities in the region are characterized by high degrees of population density and compactness and by a higher prevalence of walking and public transportation use.
ISSN: 0264-2751
metadata.dc.rights.license: This is an open access article under the CC BY license ( Fonte: PDF do artigo.
Appears in Collections:DENCS - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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