Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://www.repositorio.ufop.br/jspui/handle/123456789/17634
Title: Multiple health risk behaviors, including high consumption of ultra-processed foods and their implications for mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Authors: Coletro, Hillary Nascimento
Mendonça, Raquel de Deus
Meireles, Adriana Lúcia
Coelho, George Luiz Lins Machado
Menezes, Mariana Carvalho de
Keywords: Anxiety
Depression
Risk behaviors
Fruit and vegetable consumption
Ultra-processed food
Issue Date: 2022
Citation: COLETRO, H. N. et al. Multiple health risk behaviors, including high consumption of ultra-processed foods and their implications for mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. Frontiers in Nutrition, v. 9, nov. 2022. Disponível em: <https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnut.2022.1042425/full>. Acesso em: 01 ago. 2023.
Abstract: Background and aim: The growing increase in diet- and behavior-related illnesses has drawn the attention of many epidemiologists who attribute such changes to the epidemiological and nutritional transition. Thus, this study aims to evaluate the association between the combined occurrence of health risk behaviors, such as sedentary lifestyles, high weekly consumption of ultraprocessed foods (UPFs), and non-daily consumption of fruits and vegetables, and symptoms of anxiety or depression in adults. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study based on an epidemiological survey in two Brazilian cities. The outcome, anxiety, and depression symptoms were assessed using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). Food consumption was assessed using a qualitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) with reference to consumption in the last 3 months and categorized into the consumption of fruits and vegetables and the consumption of UPFs according to the NOVA classification. Sedentary behavior was assessed by considering the amount of sitting or reclining time per day reported by participants and categorized as less than 9 h of sitting or reclining and 9 h or more. For the analysis, adjusted Poisson regression (PR) was used to estimate the prevalence ratio and the 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: Those with the health risk behaviors, non-daily consumption of fruits and vegetables, and high consumption of UPFs had a 2.6 higher prevalence ratio for symptoms of mental disorder (PR: 2.6 and 95%CI: 1.1–6.5), as well as those with all three health risk behaviors, had a 2.8 higher prevalence ratio for symptoms of mental disorder (PR: 2.8 and 95%CI: 1.3–6.1). Conclusion: This study revealed that the existence of a combination of two and three health risk behaviors led to a higher prevalence of symptoms of anxiety or depression.
URI: http://www.repositorio.ufop.br/jspui/handle/123456789/17634
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2022.1042425
ISSN: 2296-861X
metadata.dc.rights.license: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). Fonte: PDF do artigo.
Appears in Collections:DENCS - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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