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Title: Detrital zircon U–Pb and Lu–Hf constraints on the age, provenance and tectonic setting of arc-related high-grade units of the transition zone of the Araçuaí and Ribeira orogens (SE Brazil).
Authors: Mendes, Raíssa Santiago
Caxito, Fabrício de Andrade
Soares, Antônio Carlos Pedrosa
Neves, Aparecida
Calegari, Salomão Silva
Lana, Cristiano de Carvalho
Keywords: Gondwana
Sedimentary provenance
Magmatic arc
Brasiliano Orogeny
Detrital zircon
Issue Date: 2022
Citation: SANTIAGO, R. et al. Detrital zircon U–Pb and Lu–Hf constraints on the age, provenance and tectonic setting of arc-related high-grade units of the transition zone of the Araçuaí and Ribeira orogens (SE Brazil). Journal of South American Earth Sciences, v. 116, artigo 103861, 2022. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 15 mar. 2023.
Abstract: Sedimentary basins with epiclastic and volcanoclastic components are important geotectonic components for understanding the complex evolution of orogenic systems. The age, provenance and tectonic setting of ancient basins are, however, often hard to constrain, especially in the high-grade core of ancient mountain belts where original sedimentary and stratigraphic relations have been largely obliterated by deformation and metamorphism. In this case, analytical tools such as whole-rock geochemistry and U–Pb and Lu–Hf analyses on detrital zircon grains can be deployed to unravel the provenance and tectonic setting of high-grade metasedimentary and metavolcaniclastic units. Here, we apply these analytical tools on samples from gneissic paleosomes of migmatites found in the eastern transition zone between the Neoproterozoic–Eopaleozoic Araçuaí and Ribeira orogens (southeastern Brazil). The studied paleosomes comprise peraluminous paragneiss rich in biotite, garnet and sillimanite, metaluminous hornblende-bearing gneiss free of peraluminous silicates, and intermediate terms between these compositions, all of them with geochemical characteristics pointing to sources located in magmatic arc systems. Overall, U–Pb data from detrital zircon grains bracket a maximum sedimentation age for all samples between 600 and 627 Ma, while εHf(t): +5.7 to − 18.7 and Hf TDM model ages of 1.0–2.2 Ga suggest moderately juvenile to evolved sources for the gneiss protoliths. However, despite the similarity in age range, the analyzed samples show contrasting isotope data indicating significant variability in the source areas. Sample 7 only has grains with negative εHf (− 5.9 to − 18.7), most of them ranging in age from 708 Ma to 758 Ma, with very few older (1021–1143 Ma) and younger (642–651 Ma) zircons grains, indicating evolved crustal sources of distinct ages (e.g., the Late Tonian – Early Cryogenian South Bahia Alkaline Province, the Early Cryogenian magmatism found in the West Congo Belt, the Stenian to Early Tonian Espinhaço and Matadi-Noqui igneous rocks, and magmatic rocks of the early Rio Doce arc). Conversely, sample 13 has twenty grains with positive εHf values and ages between 602 and 758 Ma, suggesting sourcing from (meta)igneous rocks of the Rio Negro arc and their remelting products, and forty grains with negative εHf values with ages between 591 and 646 Ma suggesting magmatic sources in the Rio Doce arc. Additionally, the two youngest spot ages (553 Ma and 571 Ma) have highly negative εHf values (− 11.1 and − 16.4) suggesting their origin from collisional anatexis. Similarly, sample 12 shows detrital grains within the consistent time interval (ca. 596 Ma – 798 Ma) of the Rio Negro arc and Rio Doce arcs, reinforcing that the fragments of these arcs, or zircons that were inherited from these terranes, are potential sources to the sedimentary protoliths of the paragneisses. The regional scenario together with our field and analytical data, compared with data available in the literature, suggest the sedimentary protoliths of the studied samples filled orogenic basins related to the Rio Doce magmatic arc. Most detrital zircon ages are close to the maximum depositional age, a classical signature of orogenic basins related to magmatic arcs. The studied paragneiss unit correlates with the Nova Ven´ecia Complex, located on the intra-arc to back-arc zones of the Araçuaí orogen, and with the orogenic succession of the distal Andrelândia Group, shared by both the Araçuaí and Ribeira orogens. Furthermore, our data also suggest the juvenile Rio Negro - Serra da Prata arc system was either amalgamated with the Rio Doce arc or that fragments of these arcs were incorporated as unmelted xenoliths and xenocrystals within the Rio Doce arc rocks before ca. 614 Ma, providing key hints to unravel the evolution of the Araçuaí - Ribeira orogenic system (AROS) and its role in the Gondwana assembly.
ISSN: 1873-0647
Appears in Collections:DEGEO - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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