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Title: Challenges for obesity management in a unified health system : the view of health professionals.
Authors: Lopes, Mariana Souza
Freitas, Patrícia Pinheiro de
Carvalho, Maria Cecília Ramos de
Ferreira, Nathália Luíza
Campos, Suellen Fabiane
Menezes, Mariana Carvalho de
Lopes, Aline Cristine Souza
Keywords: Multidisciplinary care
Public health
Primary health care
Quality of health care
Issue Date: 2020
Citation: LOPES, M. S. et al. Challenges for obesity management in a unified health system: the view of health professionals. Family Practice, v. 117, p. 4-10, out. 2020. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 11 out. 2022.
Abstract: Background: Obesity is an increasingly prevalent chronic condition. Its multiple causes and the complexity of its treatment pose challenges for health professionals. Objective: To explore and describe the challenges for obesity management in the Brazilian Unified Health System according to health professionals. Methods: An exploratory quantitative web-based study, carried out in 2018 with health professionals, developed from the first stage of a national project that aims to examine the management of obesity in Brazil. The questionnaire was self-applied. Invitations to participate in the research were sent by the Ministry of Health, Health Department of Minas Gerais and members of the research group. We collected data on sex, age, professional category, region and level of care. The challenges were investigated using a Likert scale and categorized into structure and work process. Results: We evaluated 1323 professionals, of which about 45% were dietitians, 90.2% were women, and 83.1% self-reported working in primary health care. The main barriers cited included a high demand for curative and individual assistance, the presence of comorbidities, and the absence or insufficient access to instructional materials, professional qualification and lack of support. Conclusion: Obesity management is a critical challenge for all professionals. Barriers were related to the work process and structural aspects and reinforce the need to empower health teams. We propose that permanent education activities should be established, as well as the development of instructional materials that are applicable to routine work. Finally, the results may be used to develop policies and strategies to improve obesity management.
ISSN: 1460-2229
Appears in Collections:DENCS - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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