Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Health impacts caused by excessive sodium consumption in Brazil : results of the GBD 2019 study.
Authors: Guedes, Larissa Fernanda Fonseca
Mendes, Mariana Santos Felisbino
Vegi, Aline Siqueira Fogal
Meireles, Adriana Lúcia
Menezes, Mariana Carvalho de
Malta, Deborah Carvalho
Machado, Ísis Eloah
Keywords: Risk factors
Noncommunicable diseases
Global Burden of Disease
Issue Date: 2022
Citation: GUEDES, L. F. F. et al. Health impacts caused by excessive sodium consumption in Brazil: results of the GBD 2019 study. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, v. 55, 2022. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 11 out. 2022.
Abstract: Introduction: Excessive sodium consumption is associated with increased blood pressure, which is an important risk factor for non-communicable diseases (NCDs). This study therefore aimed to describe the burden of NCDs attributable to excessive sodium consumption among Brazilians. Methods: This observational study used mortality and Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY) rates, and their respective uncertainty intervals (UI), from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 (GBD 2019). The burden was obtained by the population attributable fraction of each NCD, considering the minimum theoretical value of risk (intake of 0-3g of sodium/day); the excessive consumption proportion in the population, obtained through population inquiries; and the relative risks obtained through meta-analyses. Results: Excessive sodium consumption was the third highest dietary risk contributing to deaths (30,814; 95% UI = 2,034 - 84,130) and DALYs (699,119; 95% UI= 43,130 - 1,914,066) in 2019. States from the Northeast region had the highest age-standardized rates of deaths and DALYs, and the male population was more affected by NCDs caused by excessive sodium consumption. Cardiovascular diseases were the main contributing factors in the burden attributable to excessive sodium consumption. Conclusions: Regardless of the progress in addressing NCDs related to this risk factor, the impact remains high, especially among men and in the Northeast region. More effective measures are needed to reduce sodium in industrialized products, such as health promotion actions to combat sodium consumption, in order to prevent and control NCDs in Brazil.
ISSN: 1678-9849
metadata.dc.rights.license: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. Fonte: o PDF do artigo.
Appears in Collections:DENCS - Artigos publicados em periódicos

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
ARTIGO_HealthImpactsCaused.pdf7,65 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.