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Title: A review on the use of lignocellulosic materials for arsenic adsorption.
Authors: Maia, Luisa Cardoso
Soares, Liliane Catone
Gurgel, Leandro Vinícius Alves
Keywords: Biosorbent
Water treatment
Issue Date: 2021
Citation: MAIA, L. C.; SOARES, L. C.; GURGEL, L. V. A. A review on the use of lignocellulosic materials for arsenic adsorption. Journal of Environmental Management, v. 288, artigo 112397, 2021. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 10 jun. 2021.
Abstract: In this review, bibliometric analysis was made of recent studies and current trends concerning the application of lignocellulosic materials as bioadsorbents for the removal of arsenic from aqueous systems. Evaluation was made of lignocellulosic adsorbents and their chemical characteristics, as well as interactions involved in the adsorption of arsenic, bioadsorbent reusage (desorption and re-adsorption), competition between co-existing ions in multielement aqueous solutions, and applications of bioadsorbents in batch and continuous systems. Lignocellulosic biomass has been shown to be a promising source of new adsorbents, since it is a low-cost and renewable material. However, there seems to be no commercially available technology that uses bioadsorbents based on lignocellulosic biomass for arsenic removal. In addition, the structural modification of lignocellulosic biomass to improve its adsorption capacity and selectivity has proved to be a suitable strategy, with the service time and the selectivity of the bioadsorbent in the presence of co-existing ions the most critical aspects to be pursued. The competitive adsorption of co-existing anions (PO4 3− , SO4 2− , NO3 − , and Cl− ) by the adsorption sites, as well as life−cycle assessment and cost analysis are rarely reported. Complexation, electrostatic attraction, ion exchange and precipitation were the main interactions involved in the adsorption of arsenic on lignocellulosic materials. However, most studies have failed to prove the nature of the interactions. Macroscopic methods can be useful to evaluate the adsorption mechanism of arsenic on bioadsorbents of complex structure, such as lignocellulosic biomass (modified or not). Nevertheless, the elucidation of the adsorption mechanism requires experiments based on measurements at the microscopic level. The upscaling of biosorption technology for arsenic removal will only be possible through studies that investigate: i) the interactions involved in the adsorption process; ii) the transfer of bench-scale experiments to pilot-scale experiments with real contaminated water with low arsenic concentration; and iii) the life-cycle assessment of biosorbents produced from lignocellulosic biomass.
ISSN: 0301-4797
Appears in Collections:DEQUI - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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