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Title: Effect of magnesium species on cationic flotation of quartz from hematite.
Authors: Lelis, Deisiane Ferreira
Lima, Rosa Malena Fernandes
Rocha, Geriane Macedo
Leão, Versiane Albis
Keywords: Quartz
Ether amine
Corn starch
Issue Date: 2020
Citation: LELIS, D. F. et al. Effect of magnesium species on cationic flotation of quartz from hematite. Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy Review, v. 1, p. 1-7, dez. 2020. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 12 set. 2021.
Abstract: In the Quadrilátero Ferrífero Region, located in the state of Minas Gerais – Brazil, the utilization of recycled water from the tailing dams in the reverse cationic flotation of siliceous iron ores is common practice. In such process, ore concentrates assigning dolomite (2.5% to 10%) besides quartz in the mineral gangue, do not reach the desired specification for the production of blast furnace pellets (≤2% SiO2) given the loss of selectivity occurring in the separation of quartz from the Fe-bearing minerals, which can be related to a rise in the ions Ca and Mg in an aqueous medium resulting from the dissolution of dolomite. With a view to improving the reverse cationic flotation route for this type of ore, fundamental studies (microflotation trials, zeta potential, adsorption/Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy) into the effect of the Ca and Mg ions in the cationic flotation with the use of pure quartz and hematite mineral samples were carried out. The results attained with the Ca ions were presented in previous studies by the authors. The current investigation presents the results achieved with the Mg ions, added in water as MgCl2. In the microflotation trials carried out at pH 10.5, amine dosage for maximum recovery of quartz (2.5 ppm) and hematite (50 ppm) was applied. A strong depression of hematite by starch was confirmed, which did not occur with quartz. In the case of the Mg ions, a stronger depression effect was observed, if compared to starch, for the two minerals, starting from a dosage of 10 ppm of MgCl2. After the conditioning of both minerals with 10 ppm of MgCl2, followed by conditioning with 10 ppm of starch, the recoveries attained were negligible (3.5% to 4.4%). Based on thermodynamic data, zeta potential measurements, and infrared spectroscopy, it was concluded that the strong depression effect caused by the Mg ions on both minerals owes to the adsorption of the Mg2+ and MgOH+ species and also the precipitation of Mg(OH)2, where the starch is chemically adsorbed, preventing further amine adsorption. Only quartz recovery was reestablished after the complexation of the Mg ions in the water by ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid having close molar concentrations to the molar concentration of the Mg ions followed by starch conditioning. The results presented indicate the need for a reduction in the concentration of Mg in the water used, before flotation is conducted.
ISSN: 1547-7401
Appears in Collections:DEMIN - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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