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Title: Recent advances and new strategies in leishmaniasis diagnosis.
Authors: Brito, Rory Cristiane Fortes de
Soares, Rodrigo Dian de Oliveira Aguiar
Cardoso, Jamille Mirelle de Oliveira
Vital, Wendel Coura
Roatt, Bruno Mendes
Reis, Alexandre Barbosa
Keywords: Visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis
Conventional diagnosis
Serological diagnosis
Flow cytometry diagnosis
Diagnosis by biosensors
Issue Date: 2020
Citation: BRITO, R. C. F. de et al. Recent advances and new strategies in leishmaniasis diagnosis. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, v. 104, p. 8105-8116, 2020. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 10 jun. 2021.
Abstract: Leishmaniasis is a set of complex and multifaceted syndromes, with different clinical manifestations, caused by different species of the genus Leishmania spp. that can be characterized by at least four syndromes: visceral leishmaniasis (VL, also known as kala-azar), post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL), cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (MCL). Among the most serious clinical forms, VL stands out, which causes the death of around 59,000 people annually. Fast and accurate diagnosis in VL is essential to reduce the disease’s morbidity and mortality. There are a large number of diagnostic tests for leishmaniasis, however they do cross-react with other protozoa and their sensitivity changes according to the clinical form of the disease. Thus, it is essential and necessary to provide a diagnosis that is sufficiently sensitive to detect asymptomatic infected individuals and specific to discriminate individuals with other infectious and parasitic diseases, thus enabling more accurate diagnostic tools than those currently used. In this context, the aim of this review is to summarize the conventional diagnostic tools and point out the new advances and strategies on visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis diagnosis.
ISSN: 1432-0614
Appears in Collections:DEACL - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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