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Title: Oceanic crust and mantle evidence for the evolution of tonian-cryogenian ophiolites, southern Brasiliano Orogen.
Authors: Werle, Mariana
Hartmann, Leo Afraneo
Queiroga, Gláucia Nascimento
Lana, Cristiano de Carvalho
Silva, Juliana Pertille da
Michelin, Cassiana Roberta Lizzoni
Remus, Marcus Vinicius Dorneles
Roberts, Malcolm
Castro, Marco Paulo de
Leandro, Carolina Gonçalves
Savian, Jairo Francisco
Keywords: Metasomatic tourmaline
Mantle-derived cr-spinel
B isotopes
Crustal evolution
Issue Date: 2020
Citation: WERLE, M. et al. Oceanic crust and mantle evidence for the evolution of tonian-cryogenian ophiolites, southern Brasiliano Orogen. Precambrian Research, v. 351, p. 105979, dez. 2020. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 19 fev. 2021.
Abstract: Unravelling the complexity of tonian-cryogenian (950–680 Ma) evolution of ophiolites requires the search for rare mineral systems and their quantification with varied techniques. Ophiolites in the Brasiliano Orogen are widely distributed over 2,000 km along the eastern half of South America. We selected two ophiolites from different geotectonic settings of the Sul-Riograndense Shield, southern Brasiliano Orogen, to delimit the evolution of the oceanic phase of the orogen. The southern portion of the Bossoroca ophiolite is inserted in the Sao ˜ Gabriel juvenile terrane and contains rare metasomatic tourmaline in chloritite close to serpentinite and metamorphosed Cr-spinel. The southern Bossoroca ophiolite was intruded by Cerro da Cria and Ramada Granites and the U-Pb-Hf isotopic study of zircon from these rocks constrains the crustal evolution of the Sao ˜ Gabriel juvenile terrane. Capan´e ophiolite has similar age (793–715 Ma) as the Bossoroca ophiolite and was inserted in the Porongos fold-thrust belt with preserved Cr-spinel of mantellic composition. Integrated use of Cr-spinel mineral chemistry, B isotopes in tourmaline in the Bossoroca ophiolite and zircon U-Pb-Hf isotopes of granites associated with the southern Bossoroca ophiolite revealed several steps in the evolution of the ophiolites in the Dom Feliciano Belt. Capan´e Cr-spinel cores have mantle-derived compositions (Mg# 0.66 – 0.69; Cr# 0.51 – 0.53), tourmaline from the Bossoroca ophiolite is dravite and has δ11B = 0 to + 3, and granites crystallization ages are 578 ± 3.2 and 612 ± 12 Ma (εHfzrn = − 10 to − 25). Zircon from other dravite occurrences of the Bossoroca ophiolite were previously dated at 920 Ma. We unraveled the main steps in the evolution of ophiolites from the southern Brasiliano Orogen, with emphasis on the Bossoroca and Capan´e ophiolites, during their trajectory from mid-ocean ridge (920 Ma), formation of dravite in oceanic crust, preservation of mantellic cores in Cr-spinel, and intrusion of craton-generated granites at 612–578 Ma.
ISSN: 0301-9268
Appears in Collections:DEGEO - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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