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Title: Endothelium-dependent vasodilation induced by Hancornia speciosa in rat superior mesenteric artery.
Authors: Ferreira, Herick Campos
Serra, Carla Penido
Endringer, Denise Coutinho
Lemos, Virgínia Soares
Braga, Fernão Castro
Côrtes, Steyner de França
Keywords: Hancornia speciosa
Resistance artery
Nitric oxide
Issue Date: 2007
Citation: FERREIRA, H. C. et al. Endothelium-dependent vasodilation induced by Hancornia speciosa in rat superior mesenteric artery. Phytomedicine, v. 14, n. 7-8, p. 473-478, ago. 2007. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 30 jul. 2012.
Abstract: The vasodilator effect of the ethanolic extract of leaves from Hancornia speciosa Gomes (HSE) was evaluated in superior mesenteric artery rings. HSE produced a concentration-dependent vasodilation (IC50 ¼ 10.874.0 mg/mL) in arterial rings pre-contracted with phenylephrine, which was completely abolished in endothelium-denuded vessels. Endothelium-dependent vasodilation induced by HSE was strongly reduced by L-NAME (100 mM), a nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor, but neither by atropine, a muscarinic receptor antagonist (1 mM), nor by indomethacin (10 mM), a cyclooxygenase inhibitor. In rings pre-contracted with 80mM KCl, the vasodilator effect of HSE was shifted to the right and was completely abolished in the presence of L-NAME (100 mM). Similar effects were obtained in mesenteric rings pre-contracted with phenylephrine in the presence of KCl 25mM alone or in addition to 100 mM L-NAME.In addition, BaCl2 (1mM) dramatically reduced the vasodilation induced by HSE. Together, these findings led usv to conclude that HSE induces an endothelium-dependent vasodilation in rat mesenteric artery, by a mechanism dependent on NO, on the activation of potassium channels and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor release. Rutin, identified as a major peak in the HPLC fingerprint obtained for HSE, might contribute for the observed vasodilator effect, since it was able to induce an endothelium-dependent vasodilation in rat superior mesenteric arteries.
ISSN: 09447113
metadata.dc.rights.license: O periódico Phytomedicine concede permissão ao Repositório Institucional da UFOP para depositar este artigo. Número da Licença: 3233040896043.
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