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Title: Synergic effect of allopurinol in combination with nitro-heterocyclic compounds against Trypanosoma cruzi.
Authors: Mazzeti, Ana Lia
Diniz, Lívia de Figueiredo
Gonçalves, Karolina Ribeiro
WonDollinger, Ruan Schott
Martins, Tassiane Assíria Fontes
Ribeiro, Isabela
Bahia, Maria Terezinha
Keywords: Chagas disease
Combination therapy
Issue Date: 2019
Citation: MAZZETI, A. L. Synergic effect of allopurinol in combination with nitro-heterocyclic compounds against Trypanosoma cruzi. Antimicrobial agents and Chemotherapy, v. 63, p. e02264-18, jun. 2019. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 10 fev. 2020.
Abstract: Combination therapy has gained attention as a possible strategy for overcoming the limitations of the present therapeutic arsenal for Chagas disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of allopurinol in association with nitroheterocyclic compounds on infection with the Y strain of Trypanosoma cruzi. The in vitro effect of allopurinol plus benznidazole or nifurtimox on intracellular amastigotes in infected H9c2 cells was assessed in a 72-h assay. The interactions were classified as synergic for both allopurinol-nifurtimox (sums of fractional inhibitory concentrations [FICs] 0.49 0.08) and allopurinol-benznidazole (FICs 0.48 0.09). In the next step, infected Swiss mice were treated with allopurinol at 30, 60, and 90 mg/kg of body weight and with benznidazole at 25, 50, and 75 mg/kg in monotherapy and in combination at the same doses; as a reference treatment, another group of animals received benznidazole at 100 mg/kg. Allopurinol in monotherapy led to a smaller or nil effect in the reduction of parasite load and mortality rate. Treatment with benznidazole at suboptimal doses induced a transient suppression of parasitaemia with subsequent relapse in all animals treated with 25 and 50 mg/kg and in 80% of those that received 75 mg/kg. Administration of the drugs in combination significantly increased the cure rate to 60 to 100% among mice treated with benznidazole at 75 mg/kg plus 30, 60, or 90 mg/kg of allopurinol. These results show a positive interaction between allopurinol and benznidazole, and since both drugs are commercially available, their use in combination may be considered for the assessment in the treatment of Chagas disease patients.
ISSN: 1098-6596
metadata.dc.rights.license: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Fonte: o próprio artigo.
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