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Title: Biodegradation of Moringa oleifera’s polymer blends.
Authors: Quintão, Cristiane Medina Finzi
Novack, Kátia Monteiro
Silva, Ana Cláudia Bernardes
Silva, Thais D.
Moreira, Lucas Emiliano de Souza
Braga, Luiza Eduarda Moraes
Keywords: Biopolymers
Issue Date: 2019
Citation: QUINTÃO, C. M. F. et al. Biodegradation of Moringa oleifera’s polymer blends. Environmental Technology, v. 40, n. 4, p. 508–517, 2019. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 7 mar. 2019.
Abstract: Vegetable oils are used as a base for the synthesis of polymers and monomers with structures similar to that of petroleum, as plasticizers for conventional polymers and biodegrading additives. The Moringa oleifera oil was extracted from seeds and polymerized after being submitted to 16 h of microwave irradiation without catalysers. This polymer was characterized and the efficiency of the oil polymerization was verified by the reduction of double bonds and the increase of molecular weight up to 50,000 g mol−1. Films produced by a mixture of low-density polyethylene (LDPE) with poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate)/poly(lactic acid) (PBAT/PLA) present low tensile resistance and low biodegradation behaviour. In order to improve those properties, the Moringa polymer (PMO) was mixed with LDPE and PBAT/PLA in specific mass concentrations. The films produced with this mixture were characterized and submitted to biodegradation analysis. The PMO behaves as a compatibilizer by improving thermal properties, reducing the crystalline phase and improving the biodegradation behaviour. The biodegradation improved up to five times in comparison to conventional polymers and it restores the mechanical properties.
ISSN: 1479-487X
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