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Title: Evidence for a role of ACTN3 R577X polymorphism in football player’s career progression.
Authors: Coelho, Daniel Barbosa
Pimenta, Eduardo Mendonça
Cruz, Izinara Rosse da
Castro, Bruno Magalhães de
Oliveira, Lenice Kappes Becker
Oliveira, Emerson Cruz de
Carvalho, Maria Raquel Santos
Garcia, Emerson Silami
Keywords: Alpha-actinin-3
Allele distribution
Genotypic distribution
Issue Date: 2018
Citation: COELHO, D. B. et al. Evidence for a role of ACTN3 R577X polymorphism in football player’s career progression. International Journal of Sports Medicine, v. 34, n. 14, p. 1088-1093, 2018. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 20 fev. 2019.
Abstract: The aim was to investigate a possible role of the ACTN3 R577X polymorphism in a Brazilian football player’s career progression. 2 questions were formulated: 1. Does ACTN3 polymorphism affect the probability of an individual being a professional football player? 2. Does this polymorphism affect the progression of the athlete throughout his career? The study included 353 players from first division Brazilian football clubs in the following categories: under-14 (U-14), U-15, U-17, U-20, and professional (PRO). The control group (CON) was composed of 100 healthy non-athletes. The chi-squared test was used to assess differences between the allele and genotype frequencies. Comparing football categories, the XX genotype was less frequent among professional players than in the U-20 (p<0.05) or the U-15 category (p<0.05). The RX genotype also presented more frequently in the PRO category than the U-14 category (p < 0.05). Moreover, a trend towards a higher frequency of the RX genotype and a lower frequency of the XX genotype was observed in the professional category compared to U-20. These results suggest that the genotype in the ACTN3 polymorphism affects the probability of a football player progressing throughout his career and becoming professional, meaning that playing football selects against the ACTN3 XX genotype.
ISSN: 0172-4622
Appears in Collections:DEEFD - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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