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Title: Prevalence of schistosomiasis mansoni in indigenous Maxakali villages, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Authors: Nacife, Maria Beatriz Pena e Silva Leite
Siqueira, Liliane Maria Vidal
Martins, Rafael
Vianna, Valeska Natiely
Barbosa, Keila Furbino
Masioli, Cássio Zumerle
Silva, Jaime Costa da
Coelho, George Luiz Lins Machado
Keywords: Helminthes
Indigenous populations
Parasitological techniques
Issue Date: 2018
Citation: NACIFE, M. B. P. e S. L. et al. Prevalence of schistosomiasis mansoni in indigenous Maxakali villages, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo, São Paulo, v. 60, p. 1-7, 2018. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 7 mar. 2019.
Abstract: Intestinal parasitic infections are a common health problem among Amerindian populations and schistosomiasis represents one of the most prevalent diseases in Maxakali people. The Kato-Katz is the diagnostic method recommended by WHO for epidemiological studies; however, one of the technique’s limitations is the failure to detect parasites in individuals with low parasite load. The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of Schistosoma mansoni in indigenous Maxakali villages, evaluating the TF-Test® performance for diagnosis compared to the Kato-Katz technique. Stool samples from 545 individuals were processed by the TF-Test® (1 sample) and Kato-Katz (1 slide). The positivity rate for S. mansoni by Kato-Katz was 45.7%. The rate by the TF-Test® was 33.2%, and 51.9% by the combined parasitological techniques. The amplitude of parasite load was 24 to 4,056 eggs per gram of feces (epg), with a geometric mean of 139 epg. The co-positivity, co-negativity, and accuracy values by TF-Test® in relation to Kato-Katz were 59.0%, 88.5%, and 75.0%, respectively. The agreement between these techniques was moderate (k=0.486) as determined by the kappa index. Thus, the results of this study demonstrated that the performance of Kato-Katz was superior (p <0.05) to that of TF-Test® in the detection of S. mansoni. The combination of TF-Test® and Kato-Katz resulted in an increased positivity rate of S. mansoni, demonstrating the high risk of infection to which indigenous populations are exposed and the importance of the implementation of control strategies in Maxakali villages.
ISSN: 1678-9946
metadata.dc.rights.license: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. Fonte: o próprio artigo.
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