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Title: Development and validation of a stability indicating method for quantification of the sesquiterpene lactone eremantholide C from Lychnophora trichocarpha (Brazilian arnica).
Authors: Henriques, Bárbara Oliveira
Guimarães, Dênia Antunes Saúde
Caldeira, Tamires Guedes
Souza, Jacqueline de
Keywords: Biologically active substance
Forced degradation
Stability studies
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: HENRIQUES, B. O. et al. Development and validation of a stability indicating method for quantification of the sesquiterpene lactone eremantholide C from Lychnophora trichocarpha (Brazilian arnica). Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia, v. 27, n. 4, p. 502-509, jul./ago. 2017. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 25 fev. 2019.
Abstract: Pharmacological activities as anti-inflammatory, anti-hyperuricemic, anti-gouty arthritis, antitumor and trypanocidal activities of the aerial parts from Lychnophora trichocarpha (Spreng.) Spreng. ex Sch.Bip., Asteraceae (Brazilian arnica) have already been proved. Eremantholide C is a sesquiterpene lactone and one of the active chemical constituents responsible for these activities presented by L. trichocarpha. Therefore, the aim of this work was to develop and validate a stability indicating HPLC method for eremantholide C. Eremantholide C stability was evaluated in L. trichocarpha ethanolic extract and in its isolated form. Analytical conditions employed C18 column, acetonitrile/water in gradient elution, flow of 0.8 ml/min at 30 °C. To correct for the loss of analyte during sample preparation the use of coumarin as an internal standard was necessary. The developed method provides good separation and resolution of the peaks, allowing quantification of eremantholide C, isolated or directly in the ethanolic extract, in internal standard presence. Validation results showed that this method is linear in the concentration range 2–180 μg/ml, precise, accurate and specific. Stability studies showed that L. trichocarpha ethanolic extract and eremantholide C remain stable for 6 months when stored at room temperature and impermeable glass bottle, therefore they can be used safely and effectively within this period. While at 40 °C there was stability loss, at 8 °C a stability increase was observed for the extract and the isolated eremantholide C. Forced degradation studies showed that eremantholide C degraded under acidic and alkaline conditions and was stable for three days under neutral and oxidative conditions, and when exposed to high temperature. Thus, with the development of a stability indicative method and the application of it in eremantholide C stability studies, the results can guide the development of new products that adequately preserve the original features of the biologically active substance with quality, safety and efficacy.
ISSN: 0102695X
metadata.dc.rights.license: This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Fonte: o próprio artigo.
Appears in Collections:DEFAR - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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