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dc.contributor.authorVital, Wendel Coura-
dc.contributor.authorLeal, Gleisiane Gomes de Almeida-
dc.contributor.authorMarques, Luana Araújo-
dc.contributor.authorPinheiro, Aimara da Costa-
dc.contributor.authorCarneiro, Mariângela-
dc.contributor.authorReis, Alexandre Barbosa-
dc.identifier.citationVITAL, W. C. et al. Effectiveness of deltamethrin-impregnated dog collars on the incidence of canine infection by Leishmania infantum : a large scale intervention study in an endemic area in Brazil, v. 13, n. 12, p. 1-17, dez. 2018. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 20 fev. 2019.pt_BR
dc.description.abstractTo reduce morbidity and mortality caused by visceral leishmaniasis (VL), the Brazilian Visceral Leishmaniasis Control and Surveillance Program promotes the diagnosis and treatment of cases, vector control, euthanasia of seropositive dogs, and health education. Nevertheless, the effectiveness of these measures is questionable as they lead to little reduction in the transmission of the disease. Thus, the effectiveness of strategies such as insecticide-impregnated collars, spot-on insecticides, and immunization of dogs should be assessed. Herein, we evaluated the effectiveness of deltamethrin-impregnated collars on reducing the incidence of Leishmania infantum infection in dogs living in an endemic area of VL. An intervention study was conducted and a total 5,850 dogs were analyzed in baseline. Of these 3,742 seronegative dogs were divided into two groups: collared and uncollared (control). Dogs were followed for 12 months and three interventions were performed. The Cox regression model was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the collar. All analyzes were performed by Intention-to-treat and per-protocol. By intention-to-treat, the incidence rates of L. infantum infection were 7.5 and 7.9 in the collar group, and 6.5 and 13.2 per 1,000 dogs-months in the control group after 6 and 12 months, respectively. In the per-protocol analysis, the incidence rates in the control group were similar to those observed in the intention-to-treat analysis. In the collar group, the incidence rate was 5.1/1,000 dogs-months after 6 and 12 months. The effectiveness by intention-to-treat after adjustment by the multivariate Cox model was 48%. In the analysis per-protocol, the effectiveness increased to 63%. Although collar use was effective when it was evaluated by intention-to-treat, higher effectiveness was found in the per-protocol analysis after one year of follow-up. The data emphasize the importance of the uninterrupted use of deltamethrin-impregnated collars to increase protection against canine VL.pt_BR
dc.titleEffectiveness of deltamethrin-impregnated dog collars on the incidence of canine infection by Leishmania infantum : a large scale intervention study in an endemic area in Brazil.pt_BR
dc.typeArtigo publicado em periodicopt_BR
dc.rights.licenseThis is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Fonte: o próprio artigopt_BR
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