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Title: Prevalence of intestinal parasites among children 13-and-under residents in the indigenous land of Xakriabá, Brazil.
Authors: Siqueira, Gabriela Lanna de Carvalho
Bakolis, Ioannis
Marinho, Carolina Coimbra
Vieira, Edivá de Paula
Pena, João Luiz
Rodrigues, Laura Cunha
Coelho, George Luiz Lins Machado
Keywords: Indigenous population
Parasite diseases
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: SIQUEIRA, G. L. de C. et al. Prevalence of intestinal parasites among children 13-and-under residents in the indigenous land of Xakriabá, Brazil. Archives of Epidemiology, v. 2017, n. 2, p. 1-9, 2017. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 11 out. 2018
Abstract: Introduction: This study reports the prevalence of intestinal parasite infections in Xakriabá indigenous children living in the southeastern region of Brazil. Methodology: Stool samples of 2973 children 13-and-under were analyzed. Associations between environment factors and parasites were evaluated by multivariate Poisson regression model. Results: The prevalence of protozoa was high (Entamoeba histolytica/dispar 16.9%; Giardia duodenalis 18.4%), whereas that of helminthes was low (Schistosoma mansoni 1.2%; Hymenolepis nana 2.2%; hookworm 3.7%; Strongiloydes stercoralis 0.4%; Ascaris lumbricoides 0.4%; Enterobius vermicularis 1%). The risk of protozoan infection increased if the house was located in clay and rocky terrain; it decreased with increasing education of the mother and the presence of toilet in the house. Sex, clay-and-rocky terrain, dry-sump and toilet in the house were associated with prevalence of helminthes. Conclusion: The high prevalence of protozoa infection suggests contamination of water sources with feces, probably due to deficient sanitation and poor hygiene.
ISSN: 25772252
metadata.dc.rights.license: Attribution-ShareAlike CC BY-AS Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. With this license readers can share, distribute, download, even commercially, as long as the original source is properly cited. Fonte: Archives of Epidemology <>. Acesso em 13 abr. 2018.
Appears in Collections:DEMSC - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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