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Title: Experimental Trypanosoma cruzi biclonal infection in Triatoma infestans : detection of distinct clonal genotypes using kinetoplast DNA probes.
Authors: Pinto, Artur da Silveira
Lana, Marta de
Britto, Constança
Bastrenta, Brigitte
Tibayrenc, Michel
Keywords: Vector
Chagas disease
Clonal genotype
Clonal competition
Issue Date: 2000
Citation: PINTO, A. da S. et al. Experimental Trypanosoma cruzi biclonal infection in Triatoma infestans : detection of distinct clonal genotypes using kinetoplast DNA probes. International Journal for Parasitology, v. 30, p. 843-848, 2000. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 28 ago. 2014.
Abstract: Monitored biclonal densities of parasites were offered to third-stage larvae of Triatoma infestans via an arti®cial feeding device and 30 days later, the gut contents of the insects were processed for microscopic examination and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detection of Trypanosoma cruzi kinetoplast DNA [kDNA]). A total of 15 mixtures involving nine different stocks attributed to the 19/20, 32 and 39 major clonal genotypes of Trypanosoma cruzi were used. The presence of each T. cruzi clonal genotype after completion of the cycle through the insects was investigated by hybridising the PCR ampli®cation products with genotype-speci®c minicircle kDNA probes. Sixty-®ve out of 90 examined insects (72.2%) were positive for parasites by microscopic examination and 85 (94.4%) were positive by PCR. The results show that almost half of the biclonal infections are not detectable after completion of the cycle, and that there are important differences in detection of such biclonal infections according to the clonal genotypes considered. Moreover, elimination of a clonal genotype by another is a frequent, but not constant, pattern in biclonal infections of T. infestans. The use of PCR and kDNA probes makes it possible to avoid the culture phase, which makes detection of mixed infections much easier in epidemiological surveys. Moreover, the fact that T. infestansdoes not transmit different T. cruzi clonal genotypes with the same ef®ciency has strong implications for the reliability of xenogiagnosis. q 2000 Australian Society for Parasitology Inc. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0020-7519
metadata.dc.rights.license: O periódico International Journal for Parasitology concede permissão para depósito deste artigo no Repositório Institucional da UFOP. Número da licença: 3462661314359.
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